Buisness Chapter 13

20 terms by ccoleman2010

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The two basic kinds of inequity are ____.

underreward and overreward

The three components of ____ are initiation of effort, direction of effort, and persistence of effort.

motivation

A ____ is a target, objective, or result.

goal

How do employees try to restore equity when they perceive that they have been treated unfairly?

by doing any of these

In a(n) ____ reinforcement schedule, consequences follow a behavior after different times, some shorter and some longer, that vary around a specified average time.

variable interval

For goal-setting theory to motivate employees, managers must provide frequent, specific, performance-related feedback.

True

A glass of water and shelter from a snowstorm would be examples of ____, and a gold necklace and tickets to see professional wrestling would not be.

low-order needs

____ is the extent to which people consciously understand and agree to goals.

Goal acceptance

According to expectancy theory, in order for people to be highly motivated, ____ must be high.

instrumentality

The ____ states that people will be motivated to the extent to which they believe that their efforts will lead to good performance, that good performance will be rewarded, and that they are offered attractive rewards.

expectancy theory

In expectancy theory, ____ is the perceived relationship between effort and performance.

expectancy

In a(n) ____ reinforcement schedule, consequences follow a behavior only after a fixed time has elapsed.

fixed interval

Managers can motivate employees to increase their efforts by ____.

asking employees what their needs are then matching rewards to those needs

Which of the following statements about needs is true?

Higher-order needs will generally not motivate people as long as lower-order needs remain unsatisfied.

The four kinds of reinforcement contingencies are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, and extinction.

True

____ are the cause-and-effect relationships between the performance of specific behaviors and specific consequences.

Reinforcement contingencies

Reinforcement theory says behavior is a function of ____.

its consequences

Needs are defined in the text as the physical requirements that must be met to ensure survival.

False

According to Alderfer's ERG theory, the lowest-order need is ____.

existence

Which of the following is a basic component of equity theory?

referents

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set