AP Human Geo- Religion

32 terms by jklimschot654 

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Atheist

someone who denies the existence of god

religion

a personal or institutionalized system of worship and of faith in a sacred and divine

fundamentalism

the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth; strict adherence to basic principles of a religion

judaism

a monotheistic, ethnic religion first developed among the hebrew people of the ancient near east; its determining conditions include descent from israel, the torah and tradition

christianity

a monotheistic, universalizing religion based on the teachings of jesus and of the bible

islam

monotheistic, universalizing religion that includes belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Mohammed as his prophet

Buddhism

teachings of Siddhartha Gautama that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right. Practiced in east asia

Animism

doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls

contact conversion

the spread of religious beliefs by personal contact; form of contagious diffusion

adaptive strategy

unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life

ecotheology

study of the interrelationship between religion and nature

teleology

belief system of evidence of purpose or design in the universe

pilgrimages

a journey to a holy site

sacred spaces

an area recognized by individuals or groups as worthy of special attention as a site of special religious experiences or events

confucianism

a chinese value system and ethnic religion emphasizing ethics, and social morality, tradition and ancestor worship

ethnic religion

religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and that does not seek new converts

monotheism

belief in one god

polytheism

belief in many gods

proselytic religion

religion that actively seeks new members and aims to convert all of mankind

secularism

a doctrine that rejects religion; indifference to or rejection of organized religious affiliations and ideas

shintoism

indigenous beliefs and religious practices of japan. has no founder, scripture or creed. polytheistic and animistic with beliefs in ancient gods.

sikhism

monotheistic religion founded in the 1500a in India b Guru Nanak Dev. 5th largest religion

Taoism

based on the teachings of Lao-tzu in 500 BCE. blends spiritual harmony with confucianism's social duty

Bahia

monotheistic religion founded in 1860's persia by Bahallah

Sunni/Shia

two main sects within Islam

Universalizing Religion

religion that attempts to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live int he world, not just to those of one culture or location

interfaith boundaries

boundary between faiths

intrafaith boundaries

boundary within faiths

diaspora

the dispersion of jews around the world beginning in 70 AD

theocracy

form of government in which god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or diety laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.

syncretic religions

religion that combines elements of two or more different belief systems

orthodox religions

religions that emphasize purity of faith and are not open to blending with elements or other belief systems

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