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1619 Broadway

Brill Building, home to several music publishers

Hal David and Burt Bacharach

Song writing team, associated with Dionne Warwick

Characteristics of Burt Bacharach's Music

wide melodic leaps, unusual chords/chord progression, irregular rythmes, unconventional forms

Highlight of Broadway

1955-1965

Pre-Rock Musicals vs. Rock Era Musicals

pre rock musicals were about long ago and far away places, rock era musicals were about present or recent past.

Hair

musical about hair - very popular

Jesus Christ Superstar

Andrew Lloyd Webber - most commercially successful musical theatre composer of the rock era (music theaters British Invasion)

Stephen Sondheim

most versatile American composer of this generation, complete musician, lyricist in west side story

Stephen Sondheim Trademark

the total integration of song & story

Nashville Sound

a marriage of country and pop

Nashvile

becomes the center of the recording industry for country music and Nashville sound

Glenn Campbell

studio musician who became a country music star

Kenny Rogers

huge country pop - "countrypolitan"

Neo-traditional country music

Ricky Skaggs

Jimmy Carter

elected president in 1976 - first president from the deep south electric in the 20th century

Dolly Parton

country music's biggest celebrity, exemplifies the significant trends in country music.

Country Music Traits

Story telling songs

The Traditionalists

a reacted to the Nashville Sound

Results of the Traditionalists

Radio stations devoted more time to country music.

First Era of Traditonalist

First time was in the mid 1960's - Traditionalists were located in Bakersfield, CA

Second Era of Traditionalists

Second time was in the 1970's in Austin, TX

Leaders of the Traditionalist movement and Album

leaders of the movement were Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings (Outlaw movement), 1967 - Wanted: The Outlaws was the first million selling country album.

George Jones

Married to Tammy Wynette

Jazz in the Rock Era

2 reactions to Bebop
- cool jazz (simpler style of music)
-avant-garde (more complex all the way around, sometimes no chordal instruments)

Jazzrock Leader

MIles Davis

Miles Davis & Albums

2 albums in 1969 - In a Silent Way/Bitches Brew - Landmark Jazz Albums, rite of passage to be in his band.

Herbie Hancock

Watermelo man

Jazzrock

fusion

Weather report

known for "fusion" music

Jaco Pastorius

electric bass virtuoso

Wynton Marsalis

leader of neotraditional movement in jazz in the 1980's

Instrumentation of Jazz Rock

Piano, guitar, bass, drums, extra percussion, electronic instruments,

Latin Jazz/Chick Corea

incorporated latin influences more so than any other individual.

Rock in the 70's

rock becomes an industry
-broadcasting and recording industries structured for profitability

Rock in the 80's

1980's - large arena and stadium, 6 companies produced half of the pop music recordings worldwide.

Album Orientated Radio (AOR)

A lot of radio stations would pay an entire album in one stretch

Payola (70's and 80's)

when disc jockeys are paid money to play music more often.

Elton John

The biggest star of the 70's

Bernie Taupin

Elton John's Lyricist

Eddie Van Halen

guitar virtuoso in the late 70's and 80's

Bruce Springstein

Heavily influenced by both Dylan and The Rolling Stones

Punk Rock (origins)

Emerged in London and New York in the mid 70's

Musical Features of Punk Rock

fast, loud, unvarying

Singer/Songwriters in the 70's (Forms)

most of these songs retained tin pan alleys clear forms

Singer/Song Writers in the 70's (People)

James Taylor, Joni Mitchell, Paul Simon, Carole King

Joni Mitchell

jazz based harmonies

Paul Simon

had 2 distinct careers, part of simon and garfunkle and solo

Carole King

you've got a friend - one of the most frequently covered songs of the rock era.

Funk

16-Beat has been found in almost all styles of pop music except for country

James Brown Conception

emphasis on the rhythm without the addition of extra rhythm instruments, both Sly Stone and George Clinton listened seriously to James Brown's music

Sly and The Family Stone

an extension of James Brown's music

George Clinton

mastermind behind Parliament and Funkadellic, recruited 3 key people from James Brown's band

Stevie Wonder

most successful african american pop artist in the 70's, deeply involved in all stages of the creative proccess

Disco

mainstream in 1977 with Saturday Night Fever, 120 beats per minute, music videos come into play in the 80's

Michael Jackson

thriller 1982, cause MTV to integrate its playlist

Prince

-multi-track recording
-Draws on the full range of rock era styles

Madonna

popularity 2nd to prince, emerged out of the NYC dance club scene, team effort in recordings

rap music

the voice becomes a percussion instrument

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