Democratic Republican Party
A political party founded in the 1790s by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other leaders who wanted to preserve the power of the state governments and promote agriculture.
One of the two major U.S political party;founded in 1828 by Andrew Jackson to support a decentralized government and state's rights.
A political party created in the 1790s and influenced by Alexander Hamilton that wanted to strengthen the federal government and promote industry and trade.
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy.
Also known as the "Bull Moose Party", this political party was formed by Theodore Roosevelt in an attempt to advance progressive ideas and unseat President William Howard Taft in the election of 1912. After Taft won the Republican Party's nomination, Roosevelt ran on the Progressive party ticket.
Bull Moose Party
The Republicans were badly split in the 1912 election, so Roosevelt broke away forming his own Progressive Party (or Bull Moose Party because he was "fit as a bull moose..."). His loss led to the election of Democratic nominee Woodrow Wilson, but he gained more third party votes than ever before.
One of the two major American political parties. It emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats.
political parties that are smaller than the two major parties and introduce new ideas or press for a particular issue.
An American political party formed in the 1830s to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats, stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements.
one who strongly supports a particular way of thinking.
helps the candidate at the local level.
person responsible for the day-to-day activities of the party and is usually hand-picked by the presidential nominee.
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules.
: the chief executive agency of a political party usu. consisting of members chosen by the national convention to represent geographical areas or constituent elements in the party and having general supervisory powers over the organization of national conventions and the planning of campaigns <the national committee ... was brought into being for the purpose of directing the presidential campaign — H.R.Penniman>
an inclination to favor one group or view or opinion over alternatives.
A person who is deeply involved with a party; usually more ideologically extreme than an average party voter.
These party members take active non-leadership roles such as working polls or contributing money to campaigns. Tend to compromise on important issues and are mostly concerned about winning elections.
A consistent pattern of beliefs about political values and the role of government.
powerful organazations that used legal and illegal methods to get their candidates elected to public office.
Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election.
Rank and file members
average party members who aren't leaders or hold office. Awarded based on loyalty and seniority by chairs of committees or positions like the speaker.
Each is located at he state level. At the state conventions, party leaders write the state party platform and nominate candidates for office.
Election periods marked by national crisis where new issues emerge and the majority party is displaced by the minority.
One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress.
a shift away from the major political parties to a more neutral, independent ideological view of party identification.
the displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period.
The sense of belonging to one or another political party., a citizen's personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by his or her tendency to vote for the candidates of that party.
general agreement; opinion reached by a group.
The belief that one is effective when participating in politics, for example that the government will respond to one's demands.
confidence in a citizen's own abilities to understand and take part in political affairs.
a sharp division, as of a population or group, into opposing factions.
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference.
gauges the likelihood that people will vote and otherwise participate in elections. It is measured by how strongly people feel about their role as the electorate, whether they feel a personal stake in the policy agenda, and their degree of political socialization.
A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries systems who would replace these electoral methods with a nationwide primary held early in the election year.
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.