5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- law regarding Japanese immigrants
- Winston Churchill
- Nisei soldiers
- German invasion of USSR 1941-1942
- Allies' goal
- a Establish second front in France
- b Immigration laws prevented Japanese-born American residents from becoming U.S. citizens
- c Tens of thousands of Nisei serve in the U.S. military during World War II; one Nisei regiment fighting in Europe earned more commendations than any other regiment.
- d British Prime Minister (head of state) throughout most of World War II.
- e Germans break Soviet-German treaty and invade the Soviet Union; motivated by need for wheat and other resources; despite Hitler's belief that the Germans would easily defeat the Soviets, the Soviet people's will, size of their nation, and the cold winter conspire to prevent a German takeover.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- German concentration camp where civilians were used as slave labor, and where 3 million civilians, mostly Jews, were murdered.
- Pacific Island where U.S. has military base
- Polish military barracks that was converted by the Germans into a concentration camp where the Jews of Europe were shipped; estimated that 3 million people murdered there.
- ("Victory in Europe") on May 7, 1945 German military leaders surrender to General Eisenhower, commander of the joint Allied forces in Europe; unconditional surrender means there are no terms attached to the surrender.
- Italians (fighting on behalf of the Allies) hang their former dictator, Mussolini.
5 True/False Questions
Kristallnacht → "Night of Broken Glass" used to describe November 10, 1938 when mobs wreaked havoc on Jewish businesses in Germany, destroying windows, shops, etc.
Albert Einstein → World's most respected scientist and German refugee who emigrated to the U.S. in the mid-1930s; he gains an audience with FDR in which he convinces the President to initiate the "Manahattan Project" designed to develop an atomic bomb for potential use against Germany; it was Einstein's understanding that German scientists were trying to develop their own atomic bomb
The Versailles Treaty → peace treaty that ends WWI; blames Germany completely for war; harshly punishes Germany with heavy reparations, and forbids Germany from having any type of military (Germans deeply resent terms of treaty, feel they
Iwo Jima → U.S.-Japan battle where U.S. achieves crucial victory (Iwo Jima considered part of Japanese home islands so sign that Japan may be nearing defeat; U.S. control gives them a base of operations from which they can bomb the Japanese home islands)
Oder River → River dividing Polish and German territory; in January Soviet troops cross Oder and enter German territory; clear sign that Germany is losing war