the study of the speech sounds, their production, perception, and physical properties made in the production of human speech. "what you do"
a one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets.
the power source for speech; provides the energy source for speech production
vessels that help carry air where it needs to go
set of cartilage rings on top of each other, very flexible
enables lungs to open and close; muscles receive message to contract and relax
the muscle that forms the floor of the thoracic cavity
the sound source for speech; its primary function is protection
largely muscle tissue, they transform air energy into speech energy
serves as the filter for speech; main function is consumption, chewing, and swallowing
from center of body forward
from center of body backward
the most versatile muscle in the body; predominately used for chewing and swallowing
the study of the distinctive sounds and characteristic patterns of a spoken language. "what you know"
the distinctive sounds of a language and the written symbols used to represent them, often determined by finding minimal pairs or minimal sets of words
the concise, unambiguous statements that describe the sound patterns of a language
two words, with different meanings, that sound identical except for one sound; often help determine the phonemes of a language (pat & bat & cat)
anticipating what will come next
what already happened is going to influence the way the sound is produced