English IV Vocabulary Units 1-5

100 terms by jdfox

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Acuity

(n) a quick and penetrating intelligence

Delineate

(v) describe in vivid detail, represented accurately or precisely

Depraved

(adj) marked by immorality

Enervate

(v) weaken mentally or morally

Esoteric

(adj) confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle

Fecund

(adj) capable of producing offspring or vegetation

Fiat

(n) a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge)

Figment

(n) a contrived or fantastic idea

Garner

(v) acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions, assemble or get together

Hallow

(v) render holy by means of religious rites

Idiosyncrasy

(n) a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

Ignominy

(n) a state of dishonor

Mundane

(adj) belonging to this earth or world, found in the ordinary course of events

Nuance

(n) a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

Overweening

(adj) presumptuously arrogant, unrestrained in especially feelings

Penchant

(n) a strong liking

Reputed

(adj, part) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; alleged

Sophistry

(n) a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone

Sumptuous

(adj) rich and superior in quality

Ubiquitous

(adj) being present everywhere at once

Atrophy

(n, v) any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use), undergo any weakening or degeneration

Bastion

(n) a stronghold into which people could go for shelter during a battle

Concord

(n) agreement of opinions

Consummate

(adj, v) perfect and complete in every respect, make perfect

Disarray

(n, v) untidiness (especially of clothing and appearance), bring disorder to

Exigency

(n) a pressing or urgent situation

Flotsam

(n) the floating wreckage of a ship

Frenetic

(adj) excessively agitated

Glean

(v) gather, as of natural products

Grouse

(n, v) complain, popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs and feet, complaint

Incarcerate

(v) lock up or confine, in or as in a jail

Incumbent

(n, adj) the official who holds an office; obligatory or required

Jocular

(adj) characterized by jokes and good humor

Ludicrous

(adj) broadly or extravagantly humorous

Mordant

(adj) harshly ironic or sinister

Nettle

(n, v) cause annoyance in, any of numerous plants having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation on contact (especially of the genus Urtica or family Urticaceae)

Pecuniary

(adj) relating to or involving money

Pusillanimous

(adj) lacking in courage and manly strength and resolution

Recumbent

(adj) lying down

Stratagem

(n) an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade

Articulate

(v, adj) expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive language, speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way

Cavort

(v) play boisterously

Credence

(n) the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true

Decry

(v) express strong disapproval of

Dissemble

(v) hide under a false appearance

Distraught

(v) deeply agitated especially from emotion

Eulogy

(n) a formal expression of praise

Evince

(v) give expression to

Exhume

(v) dig up for reburial or for medical investigation

Feckless

(adj) generally incompetent and ineffectual

Murky

(adj) so shaded as to be dark or gloomy, (of especially liquids) clouded as with sediment

Nefarious

(adj) extremely wicked

Piquant

(adj) attracting or delighting, having an agreeably pungent taste, engagingly stimulating or provocative

Primordial

(adj) having existed from the beginning

Propinquity

(n) the property of being close together

Unwonted

(adj) out of the ordinary

Utopian

(adj) characterized by or aspiring to impracticable perfection

Verbiage

(n) overabundance of words

Verdant

(adj) characterized by abundance of greenness

Viscous

(adj) having the properties of glue, having a relatively high resistance to flow

Accost

(v) approach with an offer of sexual favors

Animadversion

(n) harsh criticism or disapproval

Avid

(adj) marked by active interest and enthusiasm

Brackish

(adj) slightly salty

Celerity

(n) a rate that is rapid

Devious

(adj) deviating from a straight course, characterized by insincerity or deceit

Gambit

(n) a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position

Halcyon

(n, adj) idyllically calm and peaceful, a mythical bird said to breed at the time of the winter solstice in a nest floating on the sea and to have the power of calming the winds and waves

Histrionic

(adj) characteristic of acting or a stage performance

Incendiary

(n, adj) a criminal who illegally sets fire to property, arousing to action or rebellion

Maelstrom

(n) a powerful circular current of water (usually the resulting of conflicting tides)

Myopic

(adj) unable to see distant objects clearly, lacking foresight or scope

Overt

(adj) open and observable

Pejorative

(adj) expressing disapproval

Propriety

(n) correct or appropriate behavior

Sacrilege

(n) blasphemous behavior

Summarily

(adv) without delay

Suppliant

(n, adj) humbly entreating, one praying humbly for something

Talisman

(n) a trinket or piece of jewelry thought to be a protection against evil

Undulate

(v) move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion

Acquisitive

(adj) eager to acquire and possess things especially material possessions or ideas

Arrogate

(v) seize and take control without authority and possibly with force

Banal

(adj) obvious and dull

Belabor

(v) attack verbally with harsh criticism, to work at or to absurd length

Carping

persistent petty and unjustified criticism

Coherent

(adj) capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

Congeal

(v) become gelatinous, to thicken, or change from liquid to solid

Emulate

(v) compete with successfully, strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

Encomium

(n) a formal expression of praise

Eschew

(v) avoid and stay away from deliberately

Germane

(adj) relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter

Insatiable

(adj) impossible to satiate or satisfy

Intransigent

(adj) not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course

Invidious

(adj) containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice

Largesse

(n) liberality in bestowing gifts

Reconaissance

(n) a general examination or survey of a region, usually followed by a detailed survey.

Substantiate

(v) solidify, firm, or strengthen

Taciturn

(adj) habitually reserved and uncommunicative

Temporize

(v) draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time

Tenable

(adj) based on sound reasoning or evidence

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