the process by which we recollect prior experiences and information and skills learned in the past
memory of a specific event
Ex: what you ate for dinner last night, last quiz
events that are so important it seems as if a "flash goes off" and we photograph the scene in every detail
Ex: First time you feel in love, 911
general knowledge or information that can be recalled
a.k.a "explicit memory"
memory of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.
Ex: Riding a bike
a.k.a "implicit memory"
the translation of information into a form it can be used
the maintenance of encoded information over a period of time
repetition of information in order to keep from forgetting it
Ex: rehearsing lines
relating information to information you already know well
Ex: Using vocabulary in everyday sentences
locating stored information and returning it to conscious thought
remembering something after going to a certain place
Ex: Going to your Middle School and recalling the good grades you recieved
memories that are retrieved because the mood in which they were originally encoded is recreated
knowing something, but not being able to retrieve it or verbalize it, because it wasn't stored properly
the immediate, initial recording of data that enter through our senses
visual sensory memory, lasting only a fraction of a second
the ability to remember with great accuracy visual information on the basis of short-term exposure
a.k.a. "photographic memory"
the brief memory of something a person has just heard.
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten
a.k.a "working memory"
the tendency to recall the initial items in a series
the tendency to recall the last items in a series
the organization of items into familiar, manageable units
new information appears in short-term memory and takes the place of what was already there
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
the mental representation that we form by organizing bits of information into knowledge
identifying objects or events that have been encountered before
to bring something back to mind
when you forget something, and then learn it again faster than the first time you learned it
the fading away of a memory over time
the unexistant knowledge of information before you were 3
Ex: Not remembering your birth
loss of the ability to store new information, usually caused by trauma
Ex: 50 First Dates
the unexistant knowledge of how someone was led to a traumatic event
Ex: An injured football player, wouldn't remember what happened before the play where he was injured