the subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization of political governance and formal political practice on the Earth's surface
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship of citizens to government and to one another.
the people who live in a nation or country
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
a politically organized body of people under a single government
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface
The written legal description of a boundary between two countries or territories.
The translation of the written terms of a boundary treaty into an official cartographic representation.
The actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
a territory that is surrounded by another political unit of which it is not a part.
A bounded (nonisland) piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state.
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.
political boundary that separates territiories according to natural features in the landscpae, such as mountains, rivers or deserts.
boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity
a boundary that existed beforethe cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area...
a boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes...
a boundary that is imposed on the cultural landscape which ignores pre-existing cultural patterns (typically a colonial boundary)..., A political boundary placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape. Usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns, such as the border that now divides North and South Korea.
A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.
the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life.
Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
the outward force on a body moving in a curved path around another body, a force that divides people and countries
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, be it economic, political or cultural.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
The study of the interactions among space, place, and region and the conduct and results of elections.
an act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)
a venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
Law of the sea
Law establishing states rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources.
Policy of the United States With Respect to the Natural Resources of the Subsoil and Sea Bed of the Continental Shelf
lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
Actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
a zone of exploitation extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality
New World Order
A description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union in which the balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states.
The identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation.
a state that absorbs and assimilates cultures and traditions of its neighbors without being dominated by them.