What stopped King Vladimir I from making Islam the official religion of Russia?
The leaders of the Byzantine Empire saw themselves as ___ emperors.
In both eastern and western Europe, civilization spread ___ partly because of the missionary appeal of the Christian religion.
Commercial patterns for eastern Europe ran south to north, whereas commercial patterns for western Europe ran west to east.
South to North
Commercial patterns for both eastern and western Europe ran ___.
Adopted as the official language after the reign of Emperor Justinian
Court language in the Byzantine Empire
Two of Emperor Justinian's greatest achievements were the Hagia Sophia and systemizing the Roman legal code.
The Byzantine Empire withstood the surge of Arab Muslims in the 7th century, but it lost about half of the territory of the earlier eastern Roman Empire.
The Byzantine Empire was never able to incorporate Bulgaria into its empire
Emperor in Byzantium was head of both the church, as well as the state.
Like ___, the Byzantine Empire never allowed its large merchant class to gain significant political power.
In art and architecture, the Byzantines never developed a distinct style, but rather preserved Hellenistic and Roman forms of the past.
Year that the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches finally split
The Eastern Church acknowledged the pope as first among equals.
Year of the Fourth Crusade
One of the Western Crusades against the Muslims actually turned against the Byzantine Empire and conquered Constantinople.
Equipped with artillery purchased from ___, the Turks captured Constantinople.
Year that the Turks took Constantinople
Cyril and Methodius developed the Cyrillic alphabet which allowed them to bring Christianity and literature to the territory that is now Czech and Slovak republics, as well as most of Hungary.
Area where Cyril and Methodius continued their missionary work and were actually successful.
___, due to its location on the Dnieper, became a trading center that linked Scandinavia and Constantinople.
Russia's religious culture, which borrowed heavily from the Byzantine Empire, developed separately from that of western Europe.
Russian aristocrats had less political power than their counterparts in western Europe.
The ____, which easily captured the major Russian cities and controlled them for two centuries, further separated the dynamic of Russian history from that of western Europe.
Byzantium, Western Europe, Islam
Three new civilizations that came about after the collapse of the Roman Empire
"___" is a Greek term meaning "correct thinking."
Justinian the Great
Often referred to as the last Roman Emperor and the first Byzantine Emperor
In the Mosaics of San Vitale, Justinian appears below and to Christ's ___.
Term often used to describe the idea of combination of Church and State.
Unlike the Byzantine Empire, Latin European civilization, despite having its own Holy Roman Empire, was never tied to any single state.
Claimed authority over all of Christendom, was the bishop of Rome, and had authority by virtue of being the heir of Saint Peter
As Roman Emperor, Charlemagne refused to be crowned by Pope Leo III because Charlemagne did not accept a higher authority than that of the emperor.
In the Lateran Palace Mosaic, ___ is handing a pallium to Pope Leo III and a lance with attached battle standard to King Charles.
If this holy figure had been the central part in the Lateran Palace Mosaic, it would have caused much controversy.