5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- alienation effect
- problem play
- Off Broadway
- a A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
- b Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
- c A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
- d The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
- e Unstructured theatrical events on street corners, at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
- Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
- Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
- A style of realism that is expressed through lyrical language.
- Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional.
5 True/False questions
fourth wall → Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
The Living Theatre → A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
expressionism → A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
Dadaism → A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
surrealism → The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.