← Chapter 17Theatre Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- performance art
- Off Off Broadway
- a A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
- b An art form from the mid-twentieth century in which one or more performers use some combination of visual arts (including video), theatre, dance, music, and poetry, often to dramatize political ideas. The purpose is less to tell a story than to convey a state of being.
- c A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
- d Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
- e Small, nontraditional, noncommercial theatres located in storefronts, coffeehouses, churches, and other public spaces in the New York City area.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
- A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
- A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
- An experimental theatre troupe begun in 1961 that uses giant puppets as well as actors in political parables.
- A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
5 True/False Questions
regional theatre → Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
absurdism → "Sordid Realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
Naturalism → The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.
Realism → A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
happenings → Unstructured theatrical events on street corners, at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.