5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- The Living Theatre
- little theatre movement
- regional theatre
- a Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
- b A design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment.
- c Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
- d Inexpensive, noncommercial, artistically significant plays in small, out-of-the-way theatres. In the United States, flourished from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s.
- e A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
5 Multiple choice questions
- Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
- A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
- A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
- An imaginary wall separating the actors from audience; an innovation of Realism in the theatre in the mid-1800s.
- Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional.
5 True/False questions
Naturalism → An avant-garde "ism" that was the result of the two world wars. It has three types: atalist, existentialist, and hilarious.
Off Broadway → Small, nontraditional, noncommercial theatres located in storefronts, coffeehouses, churches, and other public spaces in the New York City area.
alienation effect → The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
absurdism → "Sordid Realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
Bread and Puppet Theatre → Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.