5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- little theatre movement
- regional theatre
- box set
- alienation effect
- a Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
- b Inexpensive, noncommercial, artistically significant plays in small, out-of-the-way theatres. In the United States, flourished from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s.
- c Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
- d The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
- e Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.
- Small, nontraditional, noncommercial theatres located in storefronts, coffeehouses, churches, and other public spaces in the New York City area.
- An experimental theatre troupe begun in 1961 that uses giant puppets as well as actors in political parables.
- "Sordid Realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
- Originated by Antonin Artaud, stylized, ritualized performances intended to attack spectators' sensibilities and purge them of destructive tendencies.
5 True/False questions
avant-garde → Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional.
Off Broadway → Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
The Living Theatre → Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
Dadaism → A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
existentialism → A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.