5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- regional theatre
- The Living Theatre
- alienation effect
- a A design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment.
- b Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
- c A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
- d The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
- e An avant-garde "ism" that was the result of the two world wars. It has three types: atalist, existentialist, and hilarious.
5 Multiple choice questions
- An experimental theatre troupe begun in 1961 that uses giant puppets as well as actors in political parables.
- An art form from the mid-twentieth century in which one or more performers use some combination of visual arts (including video), theatre, dance, music, and poetry, often to dramatize political ideas. The purpose is less to tell a story than to convey a state of being.
- A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
- A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
- A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
5 True/False questions
happenings → Unstructured theatrical events on street corners, at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.
avant-garde → Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional.
Naturalism → "Sordid Realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
surrealism → A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
poetic realism → The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.