5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- performance art
- Off Broadway
- The Living Theatre
- problem play
- a An art form from the mid-twentieth century in which one or more performers use some combination of visual arts (including video), theatre, dance, music, and poetry, often to dramatize political ideas. The purpose is less to tell a story than to convey a state of being.
- b Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
- c A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
- d A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
- e Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
- The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.
- Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
- Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
- A style of realism that is expressed through lyrical language.
5 True/False questions
Bread and Puppet Theatre → Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
little theatre movement → Inexpensive, noncommercial, artistically significant plays in small, out-of-the-way theatres. In the United States, flourished from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s.
regional theatre → Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
Off Off Broadway → Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
fourth wall → An imaginary wall separating the actors from audience; an innovation of Realism in the theatre in the mid-1800s.