5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Theatre of Cruelty
- fourth wall
- a A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
- b Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
- c An imaginary wall separating the actors from audience; an innovation of Realism in the theatre in the mid-1800s.
- d Originated by Antonin Artaud, stylized, ritualized performances intended to attack spectators' sensibilities and purge them of destructive tendencies.
- e A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- An avant-garde "ism" that was the result of the two world wars. It has three types: atalist, existentialist, and hilarious.
- Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
- A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
- "Sordid Realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
- A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
5 True/False Questions
alienation effect → A style of realism that is expressed through lyrical language.
Off Off Broadway → Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
box set → Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
expressionism → A post-World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies.
symbolism → The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.