5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- alienation effect
- Off Broadway
- The Living Theatre
- fourth wall
- a The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
- b An imaginary wall separating the actors from audience; an innovation of Realism in the theatre in the mid-1800s.
- c Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
- d A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
- e A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Originated by Antonin Artaud, stylized, ritualized performances intended to attack spectators' sensibilities and purge them of destructive tendencies.
- Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
- Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
- The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.
- A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
5 True/False Questions
avant-garde → Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional.
performance art → A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
problem play → A play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied.
Kafkaesque → Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
symbolism → A design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment.