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loess

fertile yellow soil

oracle bones

used to predict the future

Fu Hao

wife of king; tomb found; leader of troops

Confucius

teacher

Shinghuangdi

first emperor

province

division of land

Wudi

started Grand School

steppe

dry, treeless plains

Shang

first dynasty

Huang

river settled upon by the Shang

Chang

river; rhymes with bang

dynasty

line of rulers from one family

inventions

gunpowder, abacus, kites

paper

made by pounding bark of trees

silk

soft, warm material made from cocoons

Han Gaozu

general; originally a farmer

Middle Kingdom

another name for China

Tibet

large plateau in southern China

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