Reciprocal Trade Agreement
1934 trade measure in response to Hull and Roosevelt's foreign policy leadership in Latin America. Allowed FDR to lower tariff rates by as much as 50 percent, as long as the other country involved responded in kind.
The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937
Consecutive acts by Congress in the 1930s that together stated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war, certain wartime restrictions would be enforced.
The main goal of the 1938 Munich conference, it involved making concessions to Hitler and Mussolini in order to preserve the stability of Europe.
Treaty between Stalin and Hitler signed August 23, 1939. Gave Hitler freedom to make war on Poland and Western democracies, without fear of Russian attack.
Neutrality Act of 1939
Following up the 1937 act, it allowed European democracies to purchase American war materials on a "cash-and-carry" basis.
Battle of Britain
Conflict between Britain and Germany, involving aerial battles in summer 1940 that seemed approaching a September invasion. Spurred a flood of pro-Britain propaganda, leading to Roosevelt's offer of fifty destroyers to Great Britain, violating neutral obligations.
Wendell L. Willkie
Indiana lawyer who challenged FDR for his third term in office in 1940, launching a whirlwind campaign based on his strong rhetoric. Eventually lost, 449 to 82.
Numbered Bill 1776 and titled "An Act Further to Promote the Defense of the United States", it proposed to send arms to the embattled nations of Europe in return for their fighting the war over there and returning the arms when it was over.
Eight-point set of guidelines for Western democracy and aspirations for after WWII, opposing imperialism and affirming the right of the people to choosing their own form of government.