Urinary System 1 (Kidney, Gross Structures)

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Unit 6 Lecture 1

Kidney

What is this organ?

Hilus

What is this area where tubes come into the kidney?

Renal Sinus

The ____ ____ is the space within the kidney, most of it is filled by the pelvis.

Renal Capsule

The ____ ____ is a fibrous CT layer that makes up the outside of the kidney.

Renal Cortex

the _____ _____ is the lighter layer around the outside of the kidney that contains nephrons.

Renal medulla

this inner layer of the kidney is the ____ _____.

Renal Pyramids

these trianglar areas within the renal medulla are the _____ _____. Blood filtration takes place in these areas

Renal Column

A _____ ______ is tissue between the renal pyramids of the kidney.

Renal Papilla

The _____ _____ is located at the point of the renal pyramid, they go into the minor calyx.

Renal Pelvis

The ___ ___ is the area that seperates to form the Calyx.

Major Calyx

A ___ ____ is a branch of the Renal Pelvis that goes on to branch again.

Minor Calyx

A _____ _____ is a smaller branch of the Major Calyx, or the singular branch off the Renal pelvis. There is one for every renal pyramid.

Water, Electrolyte

One of the Uninary system's functions is to maintain ____ and _____ balence

Blood pH

One of the Uninary system'sfunctions is to stabilize _____ _____.

Volume, Pressure

One of the Uninary system's functions is to regulate blood _____ and _____.

Synthesis

_____ of hormones is one of the kidney's functions

Waste, toxin, nitrogen

One of the urinary system's functions is the elimination of _____ and _____ specifically _______.

Outside

The kidneys are RETROPERITONEAL, which means they are ______ the parietal peritoneal.

Adipose Capsule

The layer of fat sourrounding the kidney is called the _____ _____.

Renal Fascia

The thin layer of CT found within the kidney is called the _____ ______.

Cortical

Renal Columns are made up of what type of tissue?

Renal Lobe

A renal pyramid and the renal columns around it create a ____ ____.

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