Largest Muslim country in the world?
Indonesia- 200 million Muslims
Who is a Muslim?
One who submits or surrenders to Gods will
Emergence of Islam before 570
-Arabia (Middle East) -Animists/Polytheistic
History of Muhammad
Born in Mecca in 570, grew up as shepard then trader, married Khadijan at age 25 (she was 40), had 6 kids (4 girls, 2 boys), age 40 received holy revelation from Angel Gabriel, Meditate at Mount Hira at Mecca, Revelations recorded into book called Quran,
Muhammad's core message at Mecca
1. Believe in one God 2. Belief in life after death 3. Belief in Judgement day 4. To do good deeds and shun evils
Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622
Muhammad at Medina
Built Mosque, united the Arabs (Islamic brotherhood), Made peace treaty between him and other religious groups, established Islamic state, married many wives, died in 632 without any successors
Successor to Muhammad is any Muslim who was qualified, 85% of Muslim world
Successor to Muhammad must be a relative, Mainly in Iran, Iraq, India, and Pakistan, 15 % of Muslim world
Successors to Muhammad. A. Abu Bakr B. Umar bin Al-Khattab C. Uthman bin Affan D. Ali bin Abu Talib (related to Muhammad by blood)
661-750 *Beginning of Golden Age of Islam
750-1258, translated Greek Philosophy to Arabic at this time
Islam in Spain
Basic Beliefs of Islam
1. Belief in one God (Tawhid)-means unity of God, God has no gender 2. Belief in Angels, prophets, books, resurrection, pre-destination
25 of them in Quran, God sent them to humanity
1. Belief in one God and that Muhammad is prophet of God- Shahada 2. Five daily prayers- Salat 3. Almsgiving to the poor, 2.5% of one;s wealth-Zakat 4. Fasting in month of Ramadan- Sawn 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca once in one's life in the last month of the Islamic calendar-Hajj
Quran, Sunnah, or Hadith
Put together after Muhammad's death, received over time, 114 chapters, all in arabic, Compiled by Uthman
What Muhammad said, did, and approved, not as authentic as Quran
Islamic Law- Shariah
Governs daily life of muslims, no separation between church and state, religious laws- a rule backed up with punishment and reward, a divine law- a given law, God given law, covers all aspects of life
Recognizes the 10 commandments, principle of no-harm
Eid-al-Fitr: end of Ramadan, break fast Eid al-Adha: feast of sacrifice Mawlid- Muhammad's birthday
Mystics, go an extra step in committing themselves to Islam
Islam in USA
Imported by slaves, Nation of Islam founded by Elijah Muhammad in 19th Century, Malcolm X worked for Elijah and brought back mainstream Islam from trip to Mecca, 6-8 Million people
Mecca wouldn't have been able to exist if it weren't for this well- story is a reminder to never give up hope
Where did Muhammad deliver his last message?
Mount of Mercy
How many people died when the fire occurred at Mina?
340 died, 13,000 injured
Fasting in 9th month of Islamic Calendar,
Shi or Shiah
Those who follow the leadership of Ali, the nephew and son-in-law of Muhammad
Women in Islam
Men and women equal before Allah, establishes rules and regulations to elevate status
Call to prayer
Waged Islamic jihad to restore Islam and unite Muslim tribes in Arabia
Common Arabic expression meaning "God is Great"
Literally "sign of God", title used by certain Shiah religious leaders who are widely reputed for thier learning and piety.
Literally, protected non-muslim peopls; refers to Jews and Christians who were granted "protected" status in exchange for payment in special tax
legal opinion or interpretation issued upon request by legal expert to either judges or private individuals.
Arabic word for veil
Human interpretation or independent reasoning in Islamic law
Exerting oneself to realize God's will, often used to describe the struggle for educational and social reform...
Expected or awaited one
Legal expert, adviser or consultant
People of the book
Those possessing a revelation or scripture from God (typically Jews and Christians)
Declaration of faith, witness, testimony
Typically refers to Muhammad's example
oneness, unity and uniqueness of God
Muslim community of believers