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5000 BC

disfavor of GOd - medicine men

Babylonians

laymen performed medical services

Ancient Hebrews

God's wrath made them sick. Kosher diets separated meat from dairy, burned infected garments, isolated ill, scrubbed houses, nurses cared for sick in home (mentioned occasionally)

Ancient Egypt

nursing duties - feeding patient with tetanus and dressing wounds - pre-Christian India reported establisment of hospitals that cared for sick (male) - bathed, made beds, whatever skillful at treating fractures; started embalming (helped learn about organs) 250 diseases developed a # of drugs and surgery

Ancient Greece

500 BC - Hellenic civilization- thirst for knowledge and truth-established temples for rest and restoration - priests cared for sick-Hippocrates 460 BC was a physician and teacher and adopted assessment and observation and record keeping

Hippocrates

Father of Medicine (holistic)

1st deaconesses

Phoebe performed nursing functions 60 AD visiting nurse. Fabiola spent her wealth and time nursing sick and poor - known for providing 1st free hospital in Rome in 390 AD

19th Century

Hospitals overcrowded and lacked trained and qualified people. Hospitals were a place to contract disease rather than be cured. Women of wealth did not work out of home. Nursing attracted drunks and prostitutes. Lutheran Order of Deaconesses est first real school of nursing in Germany (Kaiserswerth)

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)

joined Kaiserworth program in 1851. Became superintendant of charity hospital for ill governesses in 1853. Crimean War led her to Turkey to care for wounded. She cleaned hospitals cleaned clothes beds, sanitary conditions. She had patience, dedication, and empathy. Lady with the lamp. Est school at St. Thomas Hosp in London, one-year progra

Pastor Theodore Fleidner

1849 famous for est school in Europe. Traveled to American with four trained nurse deaconesses, est 1st protestant hosp in USA, Pittsburg, PA nka Passavant Hosp

AMA

1869 recommended every large hospital support its own school

1873

Bellevue Hosp opened in New Haven, Conn and Boston

Isabell Hampton Robb and Lavinia Dock

org American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools of Nursing in 1894; known for code of ethics for nurses nka Nightingale Pledge, set standards for nursing

1903

first nursing licensure to protect public in NC, NJ, NY and Virginia

Robb and Nutting

developed program at Columbia University to train and develop teachers of nursing

WWI

Increased deman so became Army School of Nursing

WWII

Cadet Nursing Corp - educated - many women stayed after war over because of prestige pay and opport for advancement better than Civilian nurses

Contemporary Nursing (1965)

American Nursing Association said nursing schools needed institutions so changed from training to educating nurses

1976

ANA offered certificate testing for RNs

Clara Barton

developed the American Red Cross (1881)

Linda Richards

1st trained nurse in US

licensure

granting of permission by a competent authority to an organization or individual to engage in a practice or activity that would otherwise be illegal

health

a condition of physical, mental an social well-being and the absence of disease or other abnormal condition

patient

a recipient of a health care service

medicine

the art and science of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and the maintenance of good health

illness

an abnormal process in which aspects of the social, emotional or intellectual condition and function of a person are diminished or impaired

certification

process by which the nurse is granted recognition for competency in a specific area of nursing

approved program

one that meets minimum standards set by the respective state agency responsible for overseeing educational programs

accreditation

involves the administration of a program voluntarily seeking a review by a given organization to determine whether the program meets the preestablished criteria of that organization

Smith-Hughes Act (1917)

provide vocational and public education

wellness

a dynamic state of health in which an ind progresses toward a higher level of functioning, achieving n optimal balance between internal and external environment

holistic health care

a system of comprehensive or total patient care that considers the physical, emotional, social, economic and spiritual needs of a person

Abraham Maslow (1940)

Physiologic, safety and security, love and belongingness, esteem, self-actualization

Katharine Densford

organized the countries largest nurses training program for the WWII Cadet Corp

Hippocrates is credited with development of

a holistic approach to patient care

Phoebe, one of the 1st deaconesses, was known for providing

care to the poor and sick in their homes

Florence Nightingale applied the principles of nursing she learned in Germany to care of soldiers during the

Crimean War

Which of the following ind crusaded for elevation of standards of care for the mentally ill

Dororthy Dix

The American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools became a committee of the

National League for Nursing Education

Nightingale

Patients env is arranged to facilitate the body's reparative processes

Orem

Nursing care becomes necessary when the patient is unable to fulfill biological, psychological, developmental or social needs

Leininger

Caring is the central and unifying domain for nursing knowledge and practice

Roy

Adaptation model based on physiologic, psychological, sociologic and dependence-independence adaptive modes

Benner and Wrubel

Caring is central to the essence of nursing

Parse

Health is a continual, open process rather than a state of well-being or absence of disease

The duties and responsibilities of the LPN are determined by the

State Board of Nursing

The content areas for the NCLEX-PN are determined by the

Council of State Boards of Nursing

Malpractice insurance

carried by nurses and doctors to protect them from malpractice claim filed against him

Cross-training

manpower to its fullest, people are trained to do a variety of duties

case management

care of groups of patient by case manager usually RN who coordinates and plans the care of caseload

What is Purpose of Patient's Bill of Rights

to ensure that the patient is being treated with dignity and compassion and to have rights respected

practical nursing

activity of providing specific services to paitents under the direct supervision of a licensed physician or dentist, an RN or both

Objectives of LPN

to acquire the specialized knowledge and skills needed to meet the health care needs of patients in a variety of settings; to be a graduate of a state- approved LPN program; to take and pass NCLEX-PN exam and to acquire a state license to practice

Roles and Responsibilities of LPN

being a responsible and accountable member of the health care team; maintaining a current license; practicing within the scope of the nurse practice act; practicing under the supervision of a medical physician, an RN, an osteopathic physician or a dentist; participating in continuing education activities; being an effective member of the health care team; using the nursing process to meet patients needs; promoting and maintaining health, preventing disease and encouraging and assisting in rehab; maintaining a professional appearance; subscribing to recognized eithical practices; performing within legal parameters; participating in activities of professional organizations; assisting in developing the role of the LPN of tomorrow

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