extending across a continent (transcontinental railway)
apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)
a hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group
dwelling that is usually a farmhouse and adjoining land
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
a long period without rain
the nickname given to farmers on the Great Plains because they used plows to break up the thick grass (sod) and reach the soil below.
the African Americans migrating to the Great Plains state (ie: Kansas & Oklahoma) in 1879 to escape conditions in the South
large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains
Sand Creek Massacre
an attack on a village of sleeping Cheyenne Indians by a regiment of Colorado militiamen on 29 November 1864 that resulted in the death of more than 200 tribal members
an amount of something available for use
the ability and desire to purchase goods and services
the end of the completed track on an unfinished railway
strong wire with barbs at regular intervals used to prevent passage
land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans
no longer in existence
become similar to one's environment
the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
any of the 24 regions of the globe (loosely divided by longitude) throughout which the same standard time is used
international date line
is an imaginary line of longitude generally 180° (degrees) east or west of the Prime Meridian. The International Date Line is where each new day begins.
a mostly flat and grassy region of western north america
transcontinental railroads reduced the time that it took to travel across the U. S. A. from weeks to days.And finally cattle ranchers in Texas saw a way to make a lot of money. They could feed cattle cheaply on the grasslands. And with the new railroads they could transport the cattle to eastern cites where people were hungry for meat.In the years after the Civil War, cattle owners hired men called cowboys to drive their cattle north to the railroads. The cattle traveled along regular routes called trails. At the start the cowboys moved the herds quickly, but then they slowed down. It was very important to give the cattle a lot of time to graze, because they should be as heavy as possible when they were sold. Where the cattle trails met the railroads new towns grew up. This way more and more towns began to exist.