Organic compounds in cells

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Carbon

the common element in all 4 macromolecules
(Carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, protein)

Carbohydrates

elements include carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

Carbohydrates

main energy source for plants and animals

Carbohydrates

used for strength and structure

Carbohydrates

examples are starches and sugars

Carbohydrates

can be one long piece (glucose)

Carbohydrates

can be many pieces long (starch)

Lipids (fats)

elements include carbon and hydrogen (oxygen)

Lipids (fats)

used for energy storage (fats insulate organisms and allow animals to hibernate)

Lipids (fats)

makes up cell membranes

Lipids (fats)

used as chemical messengers

Lipids (fats)

examples are fats, oils, and waxes

Lipids (fats)

H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H O
H-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-O-H
H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H

nucleic acids

nucleic acids

deoxyribonucleic acid DNA

nucleic acids

ribonucleic acid RNA (DNA's helper)

nucleic acids

elements include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus

nucleic acids

they serve as a blueprint for making living things

nucleic acids

each piece of it is called a nucleotide

proteins

elements include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur

proteins

provides structural support (muscles)

proteins

antibodies (fight illness)

proteins

speed up chemical reactions

proteins

examples are: keratin, hemoglobin, melatonin, insulin, and malanin

proteins

one piece is called an amino acid

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