the subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization of political governance and formal political practice on the Earth's surface
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship of citizens to government and to one another.
a politically organized body of people under a single government
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
government free from external control
the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
a treaty-like, legal sounding document is drawn up in which actual points in the landscape are described
The translation of the written terms of a boundary treaty into an official cartographic representation.
The actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
countries surrounded or almost surrounded by another country.
A bounded (nonisland) piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state.
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.
political boundary that separates territiories according to natural features in the landscpae, such as mountains, rivers or deserts.
boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity
A boundary line established before the area in question is well populated
a boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes...
A boundary line placed over and ignoring an existing cultural pattern.
A political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape.
the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life.
Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
the outward force on a body moving in a curved path around another body
the inward force on a body moving in a curved path around another body
exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one
The territorial nucleus from which a country grows in an area and over time, often containing the national capital and the main center of commerce, culture, and industry.
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, be it economic, political or cultural.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory.
The study of the interactions among space, place, and region and the conduct and results of elections.
To draw a district's boundaries to gain an advantage in elections
a venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
Law of the sea
Law establishing states rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources.
President Harry Truman made this proclamation on September 28, 1945 regarding jurisdiction over resources of the outer continental shelf. It was later made into law as the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
is an approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places
Actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
a zone of exploitation extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it
growth to a global or worldwide scale
the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)
New World Order
A description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union in which the balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states.
The identification and loyalty a person may feel for his or her nation.
A state, by virtue of its border location between geopolitical power cores, that absorbs and assimilates cultures and traditions of its neighbors without being dominated by them.