the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
an extensive grassy and nearly treeless plain (especially in Latin America)
savannaa with flat terrain with moderate rainfall that make them suitable for farming
the vast grassy plains of northern Argentina
a South American river 1,500 miles long
the second longest river in the world and one of its three major river systems, running about 4,000 miles from west to east and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean, the longest river in South America, flowing from the Andes Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean
River that drains much of central South America; flows into Rio de La Plata.
island country in the Atlantic east of Florida and Cuba
a group of islands in the western West Indies, Group of islands that includes Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico
a group of islands southeast of Puerto Rico; devided into the Leeward Islands and the Windward Islands
gold, silver, iron, copper, bauxite (aluminum ore), tin lead and nickel--all abundant in Latin America
Produce precious gems, titanium, and tungsten.
Venezuela and Mexico
have major oil reserves.
rich in hydroelectric power, because of its many rivers.
vast reserves of natural gas.
major exporter of methanol and ammonia.
has attracted developers to Trinidad.
dense forests made up of different species of trees, with a hot and rainy climate year round.
Amazon rain forest
The largest rain forest, which covers more than two million square miles of South America.
hot, rainy summers and mild winters with some rain
hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Part of Chile along the west coast is in this zone.
Vegetation is mainly chaparral.
Marine West Coast
Warm summers, cool winters, and rainfall all year; highland climates are found in the mountains of Mexico and South America.
Vary from moderate to cold, depending on elevation.
Wind, sunlight, and landscape influence highland climates.
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
an ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes, used by the Aztecs of Mexico.
a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
Venezuela and Colombia
drained by the Orinoco River
located along the Pacific coast of South America.
made settlement east from the Pacific coast more difficult because they are a barrier to movement into the interior.
Eastern and northern coasts
where settlement has occurred because of Andes Mountains.
growing crops and grazing livestock
Two main uses of plains and grasslands of Latin America.
Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles.
Three major island groups of the Caribbean.
quickly exhausts the soil.
Savannas most common
vertical climate zones
People grow different crops depending on the elevation at which they live.
Factors pulling people into cities
higher-paying jobs, better schools, better medical care.
congestion, pollution, strain on local communities, gap between rich and poor, large public debt, profits not reinvested in tourist country, influence of nonresidents on local affairs.