legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
What is the political situation for Antarctica? Know who (if anyone owns / claims it or part of it).
means "apartness;" racial segregation in South Africa.
process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Boundary disputes or functional dispute
a disagreement between neighboring states over policies to be applied to their common border; often induced by differing customs regulations, movement of nomadic groups, or illegal immigration or emigration.
one drawn across an area before it is well populated, that is, before most of the cultural landscape features were put in place.
boundary drawn after the development of the cultural landscape.
a type of a subsequent boundary , also called an ethnographic, where the border drawn is to accommodate existing religious, linguistic, ethnic, or economic differences between countries.
a boundary forced on existing cultural landscapes, a country, or a people by a conquering or colonizing power that is unconcerned about preexisting cultural patterns.
a former boundary line that no longer functions as such is still marked by some landscape features or differences on the two sides.
the translation of the written terms of a boundary treaty (the definition) into an official cartographic representation.
the actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
natural / physical
those boundaries based on recognizable physiologic features, i.e. mountains, rivers, and lakes.
ethnographic / cultural
when the boundary coincides with differences in ethnicity, especially language and religion.
political boundary defined and delimited as a straight line or an arc
an independent but small and weak country lying between two powerful countries.
forces within a state that divide people.
forces within a state that unify people
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
a group of states united for a common purpose.
regions that dominate trade, control the most advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity within diversified economies.
regions with undeveloped or narrowly specialized economies with low levels of productivity.
the acquisition, by colonized peoples, of control over their own territory.
the transfer of certain powers from the state central government to separate political subdivisions within the state's territory.
if one country in a region chose or was forced to accept a communist political and economic system, then neighboring countries would be irresistibly susceptible to falling to communism.
the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea.
exclusive economic zone, as established in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, a zone of exploration extending 200 nautical miles (370 km) seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it.
the study of the interactions among space, place, and region and the conduct and results of elections.
a piece of territory surrounded by, but not par t of, a country.
a piece of national territory separated from the main body of a country by the territory of another country.
a small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture.
an economic association established in 1957 by a number of Western European countries to promote free trade among members; often called the Common Market.
an internal organization of a state that allocated most powers to units of local government.
a capital city deliberately sited in a state's frontier zone.
the branch of political geography treating national power, foreign policy, and international relations as influences by geographic considerations of location, space, resources, and demography.
to redraw voting district boundaries in such a way as to give one political party maximum electoral advantage and to reduce that of another party, to fragment voting blocks, or to achieve other nondemocratic objectives.
The belief of Halford MacKinder that the interior of Eurasia provided a likely base for world conquest.
The belief of Nicholas Spykman that domination of coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide a base for world conquest.
group that includes two or more states seeking political and /or economic cooperation with each other.