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MOTIVATION

A NEED OR DESIRE THAT ENERGIZES AND DIRECTS BEHAVIOR

INSTINCT

A COMPLEX BEHAVIOR THAT IS RIGIDLY PATTERNED THROUGH A SPECIES AND IS UNLEARNED

DRIVE-REDUCTION THEORY

THE IDEA THAT A PHYSIOLOGICAL NEED CREATES AN AROUSED TENSION STATE THAT MOTIVATES AN ORGANISM

HOMEOSTASIS

A TENDENCY TO MAINTAIN A BALANCED OR CONSTANT INTERNAL STATE.

INCENTIVE

A POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENT STIMULUS THAT MOTIVATES BEHAVIOR

HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

MASLOW PYRAMID OF HUMAN NEEDS

GLUCOSE

THE FORM OF SUGAR THAT WHEN LOW MAKES US FEEL HUNGRY

SET POINT

WHEN THE BODY FALLS BELOW THIS WEIGHT, AN INCREASE IN HUNGER AND A LOWERED METABOLIC RATE MAY ACT TO RESTORE THE LOST WEIGHT.

BASAL METABOLIC RATE

THE BODY RESTING RATE OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE

ANOREXIA NERVOSA

AN EATING DISORDER IN WHICH A PERSON DIETS AND BECOMES SIGNIFICANTLY UNDERWEIGHT.

BULIMIA NERVOSA

AN EATING DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY EPISODES OF OVEREATING, FOLLOWED BY VOMITING

SEXUAL RESPOND CYCLE

THAT FOUR STAGES OF SEXUAL RESPONDING DESCRIBED BY MASTERS AND JOHNSON-EXCITEMENT, PLATEAU, ORGANISM AND RESOLUTION

REFRACTION PERIOD

A RESTING PERIOD AFTER ORGASM.

SEXUAL DISORDER

A PROBLEM THAT CONSISTENTLY IMPAIRS SEXUAL AROUSAL OF FUNCTIONING.

FLOW

A COMPLETE ENGAGEMENT IN AN ACTIVITY , LOSS OF SENSE OF TIME OR A SENSE OF TIME SLOWING DOWN, NO SELF CONSCIOUSNESS.

EMOTION

A RESPONSE OF THE WHOLE ORGANISM, INVOLVING PHYSIOLOGICAL AROUSAL, EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIORS, AND CONSCIOUS EXPERIENCES.

JAMES-LANGE THEORY

THEORY THAT OUR EXPERIENCES IF EMOTION IS OUR AWARENESS OF OUR PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO EMOTION-AROUSING STIMULI.

CANNON-BARD THEORY

THE THEORY THAT AN EMOTION-AROUSING STIMULUS SIMULTANEOUSLY TRIGGERS PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSES AND THE SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION

TWO FACTOR THEORY

THE SCHACHTER-SINGER THEORY THAT TO EXPERIENCE EMOTION ONE MUST BE PHYSICALLY AROUSED AND COGNITIVELY LABEL THE AROUSAL.

CATHARIS

EMOTIONAL RELEASE. RELEASING AGGRESSIVE ENERGY RELIEVES AGGRESSIVE URGES

FEEL-GOOD, DO-GOOD PHENOMENON

PEOPLES TENDENCY TO BE HELPFUL WHEN ALREADY IN A GOOD MOOD.

SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING

SELF-PERCEIVED HAPPINESS OR SATISFACTION WITH LIFE.

ADAPTATION- LEVEL PHENOMENON

OUR TENDENCY TO FORM JUDGMENTS RELATIVE TO A NEUTRAL LEVEL DEFINED BY OUR PRIOR EXPERIENCES.

RELATIVE DEPRIVATION

THE PERCEPTION THAT ONE OS WORSE OFF RELATIVE TO THOSE WITH WHOM ONE COMPARES ONESELF.

BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE

AN INTERDISCIPLINARY FIELD THAT INTEGRATES BEHAVIORAL AND MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE AND APPLIES THAT KNOWLEDGE TO HEALTH AND DISEASE.

HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY

A SUBFIELD OF PSYCHOLOGY THAT PROVIDES PSYCHOLOGIST'S CONTRIBUTION TO BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

STRESS

THE PROCESS BY WHICH WE PERCEIVE AND RESPOND TO CERTAIN EVENTS CALLED STRESSORS, THAT WE APPRAISE AS THREATENING OR CHALLENGING.

GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME

SELYE'S CONCEPT OF THE BODY'S ADAPTIVE RESPONSES TO STRESS IN THREE PHASES- ALARM, RESISTANCE, EXHAUSION.

TYPE A

FRIEDMAN AND ROSEMAN'S TERM FOR COMPETITIVE, HARD- DRIVING, IMPATIENT, VERBALLY AGGRESSIVE, AND ANGER-PRONE PEOPLE.

TYPE B

FRIEDMAN AND ROSEMAN'S TERM FOR EASYGOING, RELAXED PEOPLE/

COPING

ALLEVIATES STRESS UNSING EMOTIONAL, COGNITIVE, OR BEHAVIORAL METHODS.

PROBLEM-FOCUSED COPING

ATTEMPTING TO ALLEVIATE STRESS DIRECTLY- BY CHANGING THE STRESOR OR THE WAY WE INTERACT WIT THAT STRESOR.

EMOTION-FOCUSED COPING

ATTEMPTING TO ALLEVIATE STRESS BY AVOIDING OR IGNORING A STRESOR AND ATTENDING TO EMOTIONAL NEEDS RELATED TO ONES STRESS REACTION.

AEROBIC EXERCISE

SUSTAINED EXERCISE THAT INCREASES HEART AND LUNG FITNESS; MAY ALSO REDUCE STRESS, DEPRESSION, AND ANXIETY.

PERSONALITY

AN INDIVIDUAL'S CHARACTERISTIC PATTERN OF THINKING, FEELING, AND ACTING.

FREE ASSOCIATION

A METHOD OF EXPLORING THE UNCONSCIOUS IN WHICH THE PERSON RELAXES AND SAYS WHATEVER COMES TO MIND, NO MATTER HOW TRIVIAL OR EMBARRASSING.

PSYCHOANALYSIS

Freud's Theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the technique used in treating psychological disorders

unconscious

a resevoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes. feelings. and memories.

id

CONTAINS A RESERVOIR OF UNCONSCIOUS PSYCHIC ENERGY THAT STRIVES TO SATISFY BASIC SEXUAL AND AGGRESSIVE DRIVES

EGO

THE LARGELY CONSCIOUS PART OF PERSONALITY THAT, MEDIATES AMONG THE DEMANDS OF THE ID

REPRESSION

THE BASIC DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT BANISHES ANXIETY-AROUSING THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, AND MEMORIES FROM CONSCIOUSNESS

DEFENSE MECHANISM

THE EGOS PROTECTIVE METHOD OF REDUCING ANXIETY BY UNCONSCIOUS DISTORTING REALITY

REACTION FORMATION

WHEN THE EGO UNCONSCIOUSLY SWITCHES UNACCEPTABLE IMPULSES INTO THEIR OPPOSITES.

PROJECTION

WHICH PEOPLE DISGUISE THEIR OWN THREATENING IMPULSES BY ATTRIBUTING THEM TO OTHERS

RATIONALIZATION

DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT OFFERS SELF-JUSTIFYING EXPLANATION IN PLACE OF THE REAL, MORE THREATENING.

DISPLACEMENT

DIVERT SEXUAL OR AGGRESSIVE IMPULSES TOWARD AN OBJECT OR PERSON.

DENIAL

WHEN PEOPLE REFUSE TO ACCEPT REALITY

THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST

TEST USED TO SHOW A CLIENT A PICTURE AND EXPRESS IT WITH THEIR INNER THOUGHTS.

RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST

TEST THAT USES INKBLOT IMAGES TO DETERMINE PEOPLES INNER FEELINGS.

SELF-ACTUALIZATION

MOTIVATION TO FULFILL ONES POTENTIAL

SELF-CONCEPT

WHO AM I?

TRAIT

CHARACTERISTIC PATTERN OF BEHAVIOR OR A DISPOSITION TO FEEL AND ACT, AS ASSESSED BY SELF-REPORT INVENTORIES AND PEER REPORTS.

SOCIAL-COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE

VIEWS BEHAVIOR AS INFLUENCED BY THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PEOPLES TRAITS AND THEIR SOCIAL CONTEXT.

RECIPROCAL DETERMINISM

THE INTERACTING INFLUENCES OF BEHAVIOR, INTERNAL COGNITION AND ENVIRONMENT.

PERSONAL CONTROL

THE EXTENT TO WHICH PEOPLE PERCEIVE CONTROL OVER THEIR ENVIRONMENT RATHER THAN FEELING HELPLESS.

INTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL

YOU PERCEIVE YOUR OWN FATE

SPOTLIGHT EFFECT

OVERESTIMATING OTHERS NOTICING AND EVALUATING OUR APPEARANCE PERFORMANCE, AND BLUNDERS

SELF-ESTEEM

ONES FEELING OF HIGH OR LOW SELF WORTH.

SELF SERVING BIAS

A READINESS TO PERCEIVE ONESELF FAVORABLY

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER

DEVIANT, DISTRESSFUL, AND DYSFUNCTIONAL PATTERNS OF THOUGHTS, FEELINGS OR BEHAVIOR.

ADHD

EXTREME INATTENTION, HYPERACTIVITY, AND IMPULSIVE

ANXIETY DISORDERS

DISTRESSING, PERSISTENT ANXIETY OR MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIORS THAT REDUCE ANXIETY.

PHOBIA

DISORDER MARKED BY AN IRRATIONAL FEAR AND AVOIDANCE OF A SPECIFIC OBJECT OR SITUATION

OCD

AN ANXIETY DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY UNWANTED REPETITIVE THOUGHTS AND OR ACTIONS

PTSD

DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY HAUNTING MEMORIES, NIGHTMARES, SOCIAL WITHDRAW, JUMPY ANXIETY AND INSOMNIA THAT LINGERS FOR FOUR WEEKS OR MORE AFTER A TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE.

POST TRAUMATIC GROWTH

POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES AS A RESULT OF STRUGGLING WITH EXTREMELY CHALLENGING CIRCUMSTANCES AND LIFE CRISES

DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS

DISORDER IN WHICH CONSCIOUS AWARENESS BECOMES SEPARATED FROM PREVIOUS MEMORIES, THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS

DID

A PERSON IN WHICH INHIBITS TWO OR MORE PERSONALITIES ALSO KNOW AS MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER

PERSONALITY DISORDER

DISORDER THAT CHARACTERIZES BY INFLEXIBLE AND ENDURING BEHAVIOR PATTERNS THAT IMPAIR SOCIAL FUNCTIONING

ANTI SOCIAL DISORDER

DISORDER THAT A PERSON IN NOT CONCISION AWARE OF ITS WRONG DOING EVEN TOWARDS FRIEND AND FAMILY. MAY BE AGGRESSIVE AND RUTHLESS OR A CLEVER CON ARTIST

SCHIZOPHRENIA

A GROUP OF SEVERE DISORDERS CHARACTERIZED BY DISORGANIZED AND DELUSION THINKING, DISTURBED PERCEPTION, AND INAPPROPRIATE EMOTIONS AND ACTIONS

PSYCHOSES

GROSS DISTURBANCE INVOLVING LOSS OF REALITY CONTACT, SEVERELY INHIBIT CAPACITY TO MAINTAIN RELATIONSHIP AND TO WORK

DELUSIONS

FALSE BELIEFS, OFTEN OF PERSECUTION OR GRANDEUR, THAT MAY ACCOMPANY PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

PSYCHOTHERAPY

TREATMENT WHICH CONSIST OF INTERACTING BETWEEN A TRAINED THERAPIST AND SOMEONE SEEKING TO OVERCOME PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OR ACHIEVE PERSONAL GROWTH.

PSYCHOANALYSIS

...

RESISTANCE

THE BLOCKING FROM CONSCIOUSNESS OF ANXIETYLADEN MATERIAL

INTERPRETATION

...

COGNITIVE THERAPY

THERAPY THAT TEACHES PEOPLE NEW, MORE ADAPTIVE WAYS THINKING AND ACTING; BASED ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT THOUGHTS INTERVENE, BETWEEN EVENTS AND OUR EMOTIONAL REACTION.

COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY

A POPULAR INTEGRATIVE THERAPY THAT COMBINES COGNITIVE THERAPY WITH BEHAVIOR THERAPY.

PSYCHOTHERAPY

TREATMENT INVOLVING PSYCHOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES; CONSIST OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN A TRAINED THERAPIST AND SOMEONE SEEKING TO OVERCOME PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OR ACHIEVE PERSONAL GROWTH.

MOTIVATION

MOVING FORCE THAT ENERGIZES A BEHAVIOR, ALL PROCESSES INVOLVED IN STARTING, DIRECTING AND MAINTAING PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES.

DIRECTION AND STRENGTH

TWO COMPONENTS OF MOTIVATION

BIOLOGICAL MOTIVATION

HUNGER AND THIRST

SOCIAL MOTIVATION

ACHIEVEMENT AND AFFILIATION

ATTENTION TO MOTIVATION

TO ACCOUNT FOR BEHAVIORAL VARIABILITY
TO INFER PRIVATE STATES FROM PUBLIC ACTS
TO ASSIGN RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACTION
TO EXPLAIN PERSEVERANCE AND LACK THEREOF

SEXUAL BEHAVIOR

CROSS CULTURALLY
INERINDIVIDUAL
GENDER
SEXUAL NORMS
SEXUAL ORIENTATION

SEXUAL NORMS

CULTURALLY ACQUIRED BEHAVIORS APPROPRIATE FROM EXPRESSION OF SEXUAL IMPULSES

SEXUAL SCRIPTS

LEARNED NORMATIVE CODES OF BEHAVIOR IN SEXUAL RESPONSIVENESS
IMPLICIT RESPONSIVENESS
EXPECTATION FOR SELF, PARTNER, GENDER

INTRINSIC MOTIVATION

INNATE TENDENCY TO DO WHAT ONE FINDS INTERESTING AND ENJOYABLE

BENEFITS OF INTRINSIC MOTIVATION

HAPPINESS PERSISTENCE AND HIGH ACHIEVEMENTS

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