Lit terms and poetry types

37 terms by triciaburke 

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Mrs. Burke's 8th grade

ballad

a long poem that tells a story (often sad) and can be set to music. Usually has a repeating stanza - refrain

elegy

a poem that laments or meditates on the passing or death of something or someone of value

epic

long poem that tells the story of a hero and often begins with the poet calling on a source of inspiration

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme ends in a couplet

ode

a poem of varied line length praising something or someone

action

what happens in a story, the events or conflicts

allegory

A symbolic story in which people, settings, or actions represent ideas or moral qualities, generalizations about life. The story of Santa Claus is an allegory for generosity

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect

anatgonist

Person or thing that works against the protagonist

characterization

the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story

climax

the high point, or turning point, of a story or play

conflict

the problem or struggle in a story that that triggers the action

context

set of facts or circumstances surounding an event or situation in a piece of literature

resolution/denouement

the solution of the major conflict in the plot

exposition

the set-up for a story, includes settting, character intros, and problem introduction

falling action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution

figurative language

language used to create a special effect or feeling

antithesis

an opposition, or contrast, of ideas

hyperbole

an exaggeration or overstatement

mataphor

a comparison of two different things not using like or as

personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

simile

comparison using like or as

foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

genre

the major category into which a literary work fits according to its style, form, and content

imagery

words or phrases that create a certain picture in reader's mind

irony

the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens

myth

A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.

narration

writing that relates an event or series of events

parable

a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson

plot line/story map

the graphic display of the action or events in a story

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

protagonist

the principal character or hero in a work of fiction

rising action

the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.

satire

literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness

setting

The time and place of a story

tone

The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work. usually a universal concept that speaks to human experience. It is the point of the story.

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