shared ideas and standards that considered acceptable and binging
expectations about how people should behave.
the expected behavior of person in a particular social position
the self-image an individual forms by imagining what others think of his or her behavior and appearance.
Agents of socialization
people and institution that shaped an individual social development
defined by a persons culture not biology
classifications of what is inherently male or female
3 stages of rites of passage:
isolate individual from the group
variable period of change
bring back person into society
rite of passage
a ceremony, ritual or event that marks an individuals passage from one stage of life to another
gender role difference in rites of passage
male rights: Male ceremonies are more about enduring physical hardship and testing strength, female rite of passages is more about introducing girl
in many cultures, body modification and body art are a part of rites of passage and can take the form of tattoos, piercing, and decorative scarring and branding.
adolescences cannot accomplish tasks necessary to becoming an adult
directing one's interests outward, especially toward social contacts
directing one's interests inward
believed that there are to categorizes for personality: extroversion and introversion
highly sensitive person
Alfred Alder believed that the personality of the first born child is not the same as the of a middle child or last born child.
Social learning theory
children gender specific behaviors are established by their observation.
Gender schema theory
children view themselves through a gender lens based on their cultural leaning of what it means to be male of female
when children imitate the gender-specif roles modeled them, they are often imitating traditional gender roles set out by society
changes throughout his life and is influenced by life experiences
belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.