Original Sin/The Fall
When Adam and Eve ate of the forbidden fruit, they were cast out of the Garden of Eden; an expression of Adam's transgression and mankind's consequential inheritance of a sinful nature
a brother who kills a brother; from the story of Adam and Eve's son Cain who killed his brother Abel out of jealousy
David and Bathsheda
represent sin; from Kind David's affair with Bathsheda, the wife of Urian. After they had an affair, she became pregnant, and David had Urian put on the front lines of battle so he would die. David took Bathsheda as his wife.
The "Bathsheda Affair" formed a critical turning point in King David's life. Prior to this, he prospered greatly, but afterward, his frotunes were greatly diminished
King Ahab and Jezebel
an evil king of Israel and his evil wife, synonymous today with evil. Through he marriage to Ahab, Jezebel introduced the worship of Baal, an idol, to Israel, inciting mutual hate with the prophets. Today Jezebel means a brazen forward woman
a large person; the giant from the Philistine city of Gath, slain by David when David was a shepherd boy
son of King David; wrote Proverbs; referring to someone: a solomon alludes to the fact that he/she is wise
Sodom and Gomorrah
any place associated with wickedness or sin; from the evil cities of the OT that were destryoed by fire
one that is made an object of blame for others; the goat was symbolically burden with the sins of Jewish people and thrown over a cliff outside of Jerusalem to tide the nation of iniquities
one who is cast out as unworthy; the son of Abraham and his handmaiden Hagar; Ishmael was cast out into the desert when Abraham's wife Sarah had their legitimate son(Isaac); Ishmael is said to be the ancestor of the nomadic desert tribes of Arabs
one who suffers a great deal but remains faithful; known for patience; from an OT character whose faith in God was tested by Satan; he lost his family and belongings but remained patient and faithful
someone who helps another person; from a NT parable about a Samaritan(a traditional enemy of the Hebrews) who stopped to help a Jewish man who had been beaten and left for dead at the side of the road
a traitor or treacherous kiss(a Judas kiss); one of the 12 apostles notorious for betraying Jesus by disclosing Jesus' whereabouts to the chief priests and elders for thirty pieces of silver
one who doubts; Thomas, an apostle, didn't believe in Christ's resurrection until he was allowed to see and touch Christ's wounds for himself. Christ solved Thomas' doubts but reprimanded him for his lack of faith
a wasteful son who disappoints his father; from the NT parable about a man who split his estate between his two sons; the younger son gathered his fortune and left home to live wildly while the older so stayed home to work in the fields. When the younger son spent all of the money, he came crawling back to his father, who accepted him, pardoning his error by saying he was "lost but found."
Roman governor who remained unconvinced of Christ's guilt at his trial. However, he ultimately allowed him to be crucified in order to avoid a riot.
The expression to "wash one's hands" of something alludes to the biblical account of Pilate washing his hands in public to express the fact the he refused to accept any blame for Christ's death. Today, the allusion refers to a person who is indifferent to cruelty or injustice so long as his/her own interests remain unharmed.
Turn the Other Cheek
to accept a personal insult passively and without retaliation; from Jesus' sermon on the Mount contrasts OT principle of "an eye for an eye."
Road to Damascus
process of revelation resulting in a fundamental change of heart; Saul has a vision on his way to Damascus to persecute Christians. Afterwards, Saul declares himself a Christian and becomes one of the apostles
Eye of the Needle
a difficult task; from narrow gateway called "the needle;" in NT, Jesus said it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven
Handwriting on the Wall
what the future holds; from OT story; Daniel translated mysterious writing that appeared on a wall predicting the imminent death of the king
reference to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ; the Bible says that he will return at the end of history to judge the world, destroy evil, and fulfill his kingdom