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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Zoroastrianism
  2. Monotheism/polytheism
  3. Buddhism
  4. Reincarnation
  5. Sh'aria law
  1. a The third of the world's major universalizing religions. It has over 360 million adherents especially in China and Southeast Asia. Prince Siddartha (Buddha) had a vision while sitting under the Bodhi (awakening) tree, then founded Buddhism in the 6th c. BCE (in eastern India) against the caste system; branched off from Hinduism. Buddhists believe all life is dukkha (nothing permanent); seek to achieve nirvana (enlightenment); believe in no named deity, but do believe in god; cultural landscape contains statues of Buddha, pagodas & shrines (often bell-shaped to protect burial mounds).
  2. b system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta; based on concept of struggle between light (good) and dark (evil)
  3. c Monotheism this is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in many gods. This affects HG because many religions spread throughout the world fall under these two categories.
  4. d The rebirth a soul in a new body
  5. e is the system of Islamic law (based on interpretation of the Qu'ran)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the pat and the present.
  2. Belief that inanimate objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and life. Common in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, Native American religions are fundamentally animistic, and even Shintoism is highly animistic.
  3. This is the range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people.
  4. a religion in which the followers attempt to appeal to all people, and actively seek concerts wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. There are three religions that practice this - they are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. To proselytize is to try to convert another person to your religion. .
  5. A religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located; most religions start off as an ethnic religion.

5 True/False Questions

  1. HinduismCreated in India, approximately 4,000 years ago with >750 million followers today. Unlike other religions, no single founder or text; heaven isn't always the ultimate goal in life. Third largest in world religion behind Christianity and Islam. Religion is inseparable from life; god (Brahman, universal soul) may be in many forms (polytheistic); karma (what goes around comes around; transferability of the soul) and reincarnation are cornerstones; caste system locks people into class levels

          

  2. TaoismA religion and philosophy originating in ancient India. Stresses spiritual independence and equality throughout all life.

          

  3. JainismA religion and philosophy originating in ancient India. Stresses spiritual independence and equality throughout all life.

          

  4. Christianitysystem of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta; based on concept of struggle between light (good) and dark (evil)

          

  5. Fundamentalismliteral interpretation and strict adherence to a set of basic principles (usually religious; many can take these beliefs to an extreme and even violent level.

          

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