islam

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570

year muhammad was born

polytheistic

religion muhammad grew up around

Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Jerusalem in one night (Mi'raj)

what is the night journey

unknown

God's essence according to god

support the government

jew were given freedom and equality under what circumstance

Islamic law

the first and most important islamic religious science

aristotle

whose philosophy influenced early islamic philosophy

Jesus

who were early muslim mystics said to emulate

military conquest

how did islam spread during the first century

Missionary

islam and china- how did it get there?

cordoba spain

in 762, the center of Arab Islamic culture shifted from Syria to where

liberators

how did the local jews see the arrival of Arab forces on the Iberian Peninsula in 711

traders

islam and sub-sahrah Africa: how did it get there

persian

what culture flourished under the samanid dynasty

the turks

who succeded he samanids

decline in culture and prosperity

what was the result of the mongol conquest of persian and central asia

central asia

where did the muslim rulers of india come from

indian subcontinent

where are most muslims in the world

the sufis

what influenced the islamisation of S.E. Asia

friday

what is day for community prayer

abraham

whose experience are re-enacted during hajj

european secularism

what infuenced arab nationalism

total islamization (establish a network of social economic and politial institution)

what was the aim of the socity of muslim brother

western values and practices

what have most muslim contemporarty revivalist movement rejected

mad the shari'ah law in sudan

who is gaafar and what did he do in 1969

gabriel

whom did prophet muhammad see in a vision on the night of power

his wife khadijia

whom did muhammad tell about his revelation first

12400

how many prophets

where muhammad was born, site of quran and beginning of community under Islam

why is mecca significant

20 years after the prophets death

when was the offical text of the quran formed

problems in law and legal systems, and philisophy of law

what does the science of jurisprudence address

dhikr: rememberance of god

what was the central practice of the sufis

yes

is islam a missionary religion

sunni: kahr successor to muhammad and shi'a talib is the successor

what is the differences between the sunnis and shi'is

delcare that there is no god but GOD and muhammad is the messanger, establish regular worship, pay the zakat alms, observe fast of ramadan, perform hajj pilgrimage

what are the 5 pillars

five

how many times are muslims required to pray each day

lived together mutually

how were muslims, christian, and jewihs relations in spain under islamic law

sunni

who is strict in thier regulation of community

Muslim name for the one and only God

allah

"Submission to the will of Allah"

islam

the Muslim community

ummah

Majority of the Muslims; believe succesor of Muhhamad can be an elected caliph.

sunni muslims

though successor fro allj and smaller of 2 divisions

shi'i muslims

messenger

rasul

the holy book of islam

qur'an

one individual held to be leader

iman for shi'is muslims

anyone who serves as the leader of prayer at the mosque

iman for sunni muslims

(Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions

hadith

rejecting belief

kurf

specific regulations of islamic law

shari'ah

Islamic jurisprudence

fiqh

personal reasoning applied to the development of legal opinions

ijtihad

Shi'a commemoration of the death of Husayn

ashura

senior master

shaykh

declaration of faith- there is no god but God and Muhammad is the messanger of God

shahadah

holidy celebrating the end of ramadan fast

'id al-fitr

The Day of Sacrifice during the month of the Hajj when an animal is sacrificed to recall the submission of Abraham

'id al-adha

pilgrimage to Mecca

hajj

(Islam) a Muslim place of worship

masjid

The direction of prayers in Islam

qiblah

City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca. (p. 231)

medina

Remembrance of God

dhikr

non-required donation

sadaqa

the prescribed daily prayer

salat

The struggle within oneself to be a good Muslim

greater jihad

holy war for cause of Allah

lesser jihad

the Muslim official of a mosque who summons the faithful to prayer from a minaret five times a day

muezzin

ritually acceptable foods

halal

Forbidden

haram

month in which muslims fast

ramadan

nomadic Turkish people who sacked northern towns

uighurs

A dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from 661 to 750 and later established a kingdom in al-Andalus.

umayyads

Islamic mysticism

sufism

prescribed welfare tax, 25% of accumulated weath.

zakat

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