General Bio -- Cells Unit Vocab Part 1

Created by awilkens 

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15 terms

cell membrane

cell's surface that acts as a barrier between the inside of the cell and the cell's environment

organelle

one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function

prokaryote

a single-celled organism that has NO nucleus nor membrane-bound organelles

nucleus

in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane -bound organelle that contains the cells DNA and acts as the brain of the cell

eukaryote

an organism made up of many cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles

cytoplasm

the region of the cell within the membrane, is a fluid-like matrix that the organelles float in

endoplasmic reticulum

a system of membranes found in the cells cytoplasm that assists in the production, processing, and TRANSPORTS of proteins, lipids, and other cell products

vacuole

a fluid-filled vesicle found in the cytoplasm of plants or some protists that stores water, salts, and other ions

mitichondria

in eukaryotic cells, the organelle surrounded by 2 membranes and is the site of cellular respiration where energy is made; POWERHOUSE of the cell

golgi apparatus

cell organelle that helps make and PACKAGE materials to be transported out of the cell

ribosome

a cell organelle where protein synthesis occurs

chloroplast

an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs

lysosome

organelle in animals that has digestive enzymes and BREAKS DOWN WASTE to be removed from the cell

centriole

organelle located near the nucleus of animal cells and helps organize cell division

chromosomes

threadlike structures in the nucleus that contains genetic information

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