History of the Music Industry Exam #4 Updated

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125 terms

"wheels of steel"

turntables; mobile disc jockeys

Akio Marita and Masaru Ibuka

co founders of Sony Corporation 1946 Tokyo

Apple Computer

computer available for stores; announced macintosh

bar code technology used by Billboard

Soundscan

Bedroom Band

1 person plays everything as a results of the development of CD burning on computers and synthesizers

Bee Gees

"Stayin Alive"; had 4 singles on the top ten in February 1978

Who began experimenting with optical electronics in the 1960s

Phillips

Bertlesman

a multinational media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh, Germany; purchased RCA in 87 for 333 million

Bill Gates

an American Business magnate, philanthropist, author, and chairman of Microsoft the software company he founded with Paul Allen

BMG

an international group of music companies focused on the management of music rights

BMG and Sony Merger

effective January 2009 Song buys BMG

Broadcast Data System (BDS)

Nielsen BDS debuted in 1992 gave accurate count of airplay, and no physical singles were required

Cable TV

1948 to rural areas (antennae = poor reception) approx 16 mil households had cable by the end of the 1970s

CBGB

a punk music club located at 315 bowery at Bleecker st on the Borough of Manhattan in New York City

Clive Calder

a South African-born and UK based record executive and businessman primarily known for co-founding the Zomba Group and its subsidiary Jive Records

CMT

an American country music-oriented cable television network. Programming includes music videos, taped concerts, movies, biographies of country music stars, game shows, and reality programs. Owned and operated by MTV Networks, a subsidiary of Viacom.

compact disc developed by...

Phillips

Contemporary Christian Magazine

what gave contemporary christian music
its name

created Napster

Shawn Fanning

Created the Apple II Computer

Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

Curb

owned by Mike Curb, began as sidewalk records and had a distribution agreement with warner brothers

Def Jam

formed by Rick Ruben in 1983 released artists such as LL Cool J and Beastie Boys

Developed Beta System

Windows

developed the first computer chip

Intel

Developed the internet

JR licklider

Developed the keyboard synthesizer

Robert Moog

Developed the Netscape Browser

Mosaic Communications

Developed the world wide web

Tim Berners-Lee

Developed VHS System

Phillips

Disco Clubs

people went and danced in the clubs in the 1970s

dot com bubble

march 10, 2000; was a disaster for many of the investors and companies and a huge benefit for consumers

Dove Award

award that the Gospel Music Association created

Dr. Dre

member of NWA

Edgar Bronfmann

investment group owner that purchased Warner Brothers

EMI/Capitol

british firm that had control of American owned Capitol, purchased United Artists, then merged with Thorn Electronics: Thorn-EMI

first superstation

WTBS, second to use satellite service; broadcast
sports and classic movies

Formed Def Jam

Rick Rubin

founded interscope

Jimmy Lovine and Ted Field

founded Sony

Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka

Founded Zomba

Clive Calder and Ralph Simon

Geffen Records

David Geffen; Geffen and A&M merged into interscope

Generation X

1965-1978, a time of a lot of divorce, out of wedlock births, disregard of children. Very individual. Low birth rate

German Soldier

Reinhard Mohn

group who recorded "Nevermind" album

Nirvana

Grunge

a subgenre of alternative rock that emerged during the mid-1980s in the American state of Washington, particularly in the Seattle area.

Intel

developed the computer chip

internet originally created by...

JR Licklider

Interscope

formed by Jimmy Iovine and Ted field in 1990

iPod

a line of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched on October 23, 2001.

iTunes

a proprietary digital media player application, used for playing and organizing digital music and video files.

Jesus Movement

a movement in Christianity beginning on the West Coast of the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s and spreading primarily through North America and Europe, before dying out by the early 1980s.

Jimmy Iovine &Ted Field

founded interscope records

Jive

label created by Zomba

Jive Records

independent label formed in 1981; artists like Britney Spears, Backstreet Boys and N'Sync

John Travolta

starred in movies like Saturday Night Fever, Grease, and Urban Cowboy. Big in the 70s

Label created by Zomba

Jive

Label of Rapper's Delight

Sugar Hill

Latin word for sound

sonus

led group of investors to purchase Warner Bros in 2004

Edgar Bronfman

Live Nation

a live-events company based in Beverly Hills, California, focused on concert promotions.

M.C. Hammer

an American rapper, entertainer, business entrepreneur, dancer and actor.

Mall Record Stores

...

Matsushita

industrial electrical company purchased MCA

MCA

now Universal. Had booking agency they had to get rid of

merged with American Online (AOL)

Warner Bros

Merged with Time life

Warner Bros

merger of BMG and Sony

2004

Michael Jackson

Released Thriller Album

Microsoft

released Windows and Developed the Beta system

mike curb

formed curb records, presidenf of MGM -1969, also politician

millenials or Generation Y

describes the demographic cohort following Generation X. As there are no precise dates for when the Millennial generation starts and ends, commentators have used birth dates ranging somewhere from the mid-1970s to the early 2000s.

Moog Synthesizer

Robert Moog invented the Moog synthesizer, it was the first to use a piano-style keyboard

Movie that brought the cowboy look back into country

urban cowboy

movie that capture disco trend

saturday night fever

MP3

a patented digital audio encoding format using a form of lossy data compression.

MTV

started the era of music television

MTV vs. Michael Jackson

MTV refused to air them his videos;
Said MTV was a "rock and roll" station and that the videos were rhythm and blues; CBS threatened to pull off all of its artists, and MTV changed their mind

Nashville, TN

TNN

New Kids on the Block

an American boy band from Boston, Massachusetts, assembled in 1984 by producer Maurice Starr.

NWA

group that recorded Straight outta Compton album

Parents Music Resource Group

introduced warning stickers on albums

percentage of american homes with cable

66.66%

Phillips

demonstrated CD system

Polygram

label that purchased Mercury, British Decca, Casablanca, A&M Records
and Island records before being sold to MCA in 1998

Print outlet for contemporary christian music

CCM

punk club in NY

CBGB

Punk Movement

new wave punk 1974-1977 (Sex Pistols, The Ramones) fast, loud, abrasive music, not very musically talented "anybody can do this"

purchased Arista records in 1979

BMG

purchased by Matsushita Electrical Industrial Company

MCA

purchased by seagrams in 1995

MCA

purchased by CBS records in 1987

Sony

purchased by Polygram in 1998

MCA

purchased provident (Zomba) in 2003

BMG

purchased RCA records in 1998

Bertlesmann

purchased Warner Bros in 2004

Edgar Bronfman

purhcased Zomba in 2002

BMG

rapper who was killed in Las Vegas

Tupac Shakur

reasons gangsta rap was developed

reality rap by product of crack explosion

reason CCM exploded

the jesus revolution

reasons iTunes succeeded

because people who wanted to just singles could buy songs without buying the whole album

recorded straight outta compton

NWA

released album Slow Train Coming

Bob dylan

Rick Rubin

formed Def Jam Records

Robert Stigwood

RSO records for disco

Russel Simmons

joined Rick Rubin with Def Jam Records

Shaun Fanning

developed Napster

Significance of the netscape browser

it gave consumers the first broadly
popular commercial browser to surf the internet and made the internet accessible to everyone, it sparked the internet boom

Sony

began by making tape recorders

Sony Corp of America vs. Universal Group

supreme court ruled the VCR
device was allowable for private use

Soundscan

barcode technology used by billboard

star of urban cowboy

john travolta

Steve Jobs

founder of apple that released the apple II

Sugar Hill

label of Rappers Delight

Sugar Hill Gang

artist of Rappers Delight (first chart record rap song)

Sug Knight

cofounded Death Row Records

Technologies that changed the music industry

bar code

telecommunications act of 1996

allowed companies to own a lot of radio stations, also allowed local and long distance companies to get into each others
businesses (Fiber Optic Cable)

Ticketmaster

a ticket sales and distribution company based in West Hollywood, California, USA, with operations in many countries around the world. In 2010 it merged with Live Nation to become Live Nation Entertainment.

Time Berners Lee

developed the world wide web

Time Warner

merger of time/life and warner brothers that merged with America
Online

Tokyo Telecommunications Research Laboratories Inc.

...

universal

purchased by MCA

Urban Cowboy

moving starring john travolta

Walmart

developed a retail

Yo, MTV Raps!

hosted by Dr. Dre, Ed Lover and T-Money

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