Ch 1

Created by zoeynm 

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Most environmental problems result from

complex, interrelated problems

Which of the following is not an example of how statistics are used?

determining the context of how data was gathered

Biocentric preservationists, first led by John Muir, advocate saving natural areas for their

beauty and wildlife habitat.

At the end of the twentieth century, ____________________ has/have been added to environmental thinking.

global concerns

One of the first steps in critical thinking is to

identify premises and conclusions

The world's poorest people _______________ environmental degradation.

both cause and suffer from

When testing a new drug to treat arthritis what method should be used to avoid bias in the data?

double-blind experiments

Places in the world where indigenous people live tend to have high biodiversity.

True

Of the following statements and questions, which is the best example of deductive reasoning?

If all insects have six legs, then butterflies have six legs.

Random samples are used

to eliminate bias from a study

The statement, "Since every insect I have examined so far has six legs, I conclude that all insects must have six legs." is an example of

inductive reasoning.

In reading a claim by an atmospheric scientist that ozone depletion is not an actual environmental problem, a critical thinker would

look for evidence of the source's reliability.

Proponents of sustainable development argue that

development can proceed with minimal costs to the environment.

What is the probability of getting tails 4 times in a row when you flip a coin?

1 in 16

Parsimony is one of the basic principles of science.

True

On Apo Island, a history of destructive fishing habits had the affect of

All of the above

Environmental science is a

systematic approach learning about the environment.

In explaining your choice of an environmental science major in college to your roommate, you would probably emphasize the fact that environmental science is a(n)

applied interdisciplinary field with an emphasis on solving problems

Ideally, science

is methodical and logical.

Utilitarian conservationists, including Gifford Pinchot and Theodore Roosevelt, supported forest conservation in order to provide

homes, jobs, and recreation for people

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