FTM

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37 terms · Japanese-American Internment

China

Invaded by Japan in 1937

Immigration Act of 1924

Also known as the "National Origins Act," this law established quotas for immigration to the United States. Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe were sharply curtailed, while immigrants from Asia were shut out altogether. (774)

December 7th, 1941

Pearl Harbor

7:02 am

Mobile radar picked up incoming Japanese planes

7:55 am

First bombs fell on Pearl Harbor

Attack on Pearl Harbor

"A date that will live in infamy"

Tojo

Military leader of Japan

Oahu

Island which had Pearl Harbor

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President of the United States during World War II. .

27

Hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor that the US declared war on Japan.

Germany

Declared war on the US shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor

Executive order

a rule issued by the president that has the force of law

Executive Order 9066

An order signed by FDR that allowed the secretary of war to declare some areas of the U.S. as military zones. What it really did was clear the way for internment of Japanese Americans.

Issei

People who were born in Japan but immigrated to the U.S.

Nisei

American-born children of Japanese immigrants; second generation Japanese Americans.

Sansei

the children of the Nisei generation; grandchildren of Issei generation

Patriarch

Father figure, male leader

48 hours

Time given most Japanese-Americans to evacuate their homes.

Tule Lake

Those internees who disobeyed rules were sent to this internment camp

Loyalty test-1

Willing to serve in the US armed forces

Loyalty test-2

Swear unqualified allegiance to USA and will defend it from any and all enemies.

Korematsu v. U.S.

The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional

Endo court case

A supreme court case in late 1944 that ended the Japanese-American internment

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

Law that prohibits discrimination based on color, race, religion, or national origin, but in the 1940s there was little precedent for establishing the illegality of ethnic discrimination

Emigrate

leave one's country of residence for a new one

Immigrate

to settle in a country or region where one is not native

Defiance

open disobedience or resistance

Desolate

deserted, without inhabitants, barren

Civil Liberties Act of 1988

Signed by President Reagan which authorized payments to Japanese- Americans interned during WWII

18,000

Nearly this many Japanese-Americans men served in the US army during WWII.

442nd

Japanese-American combat regiment

Internment

Confinement as a prisoner for military/ political reasons

Repatriation

The sending of a person back to the country of citizenship

Manzanar

Opened March, 1942

August 14, 1945

Japan surrenders

Reasons Japan attacked the US

1- US demanded that Japan end the attack on China.
2- Us started a oil embargo on Japan to prevent their navy from controlling the Pacific Ocean.
3- US wanted all Asian nations to end trading with Japan and to only trade with US.

Habeas Corpus

a person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime.

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