The Internet has its roots in ____, a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
oversees research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.
Top Level Domain
A web site's _______ gives the reader an idea as to the purpose of the site even without knowing anything about it initially.
There are both regional and national ______, which are more basic but more functional than services like America Online.
A(n) ____ address is a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet.
On the Web, a(n) ____ directory classifies Web pages in an organized set of categories, such as sports or shopping, and related subcategories.
____ software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks, and include Web browser, word processing software, and spreadsheet software.
Together, four operations (fetching, decoding, executing, and storing) comprise a(n) ____ cycle.
____ is a coding scheme capable of representing almost all of the world's current written languages, as well as classic and historical languages.
The ____ system is a number system that has just two unique digits, 0 and 1, called bits.
Because a heat sink consumes a lot of space, a smaller device called a heat ____ cools processors in notebook computers.
____ is free software, but it has been donated for public use and has no copyright restrictions.
With ____, the processor begins fetching a second instruction before it completes the machine cycle for the first instruction.
A ____ is a special window that provides information, presents available options, or requests a response.
____ is mass-produced, copyrighted retail software that meets the needs of a variety of users, not just a single user or company.
____ includes programs such as word processing, spreadsheet, database, presentation graphics, personal information manager software, PDA business software, software suites, accounting, and project management.
____ is the most widely used coding scheme used to represent data most appropriate for the English language.
A(n) ____ is a small image displayed on the screen that represents a program, a document, or some other object.
What is a hardware component that allows users to enter data and instructions into a computer?
What is the science of incorporating comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of the workplace?
What is a document, like a bill statement, you return to the company that creates and sends it?
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR)
What kind of technology reads hand-drawn marks such as small circles or rectangles? (Ex: Scantron)
What input technology uses radio signals to communicate with a tag placed in or attached to an object?
magnetic ink recognition
What type of devices read text printed with magnetized ink and are used by the banking industry?
What input technology authenticates a person's identity by verifying a personal characteristic?
What is any type of hardware component that conveys information to one or more people?
Graphics Processing Unit
What kind of hardware controls the manipulation and display of graphics on a display device?
What kind of printer forms characters and graphics on a piece of paper without actually striking the paper?
What is a single device that prints, scans, copies, and in some cases, faxes?
What is a device that takes the text and images displaying on a computer screen and projects them on a larger screen?
What is a touch-sensitive device, resembling a dry-erase board, that displays the image on a connected computer screen?
What is the physical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions and information?
What kind of device contains multiple inflexible platters, usually metal, that use magnetic particles to store data, instructions and information?
What is the process of dividing a disk into tracks and sectors so data and information can be stored on it?
What is the error that occurs when a read/write head touches the surface of a disk and causes irreparable damage?
What is an Internet service that provides storage to computer users to access from anywhere in the world with Internet access?
Magnetic tape storage uses _____________, which means data and information is stored and accessed in chronological order.
According to manufacturers, which type of media has the longest potential life expectancy?
____ software, such as operating systems and utility programs, consists of the programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices.
Plug and play
____ means the operating system automatically configures new devices as users install them.
____ software is privately owned software and limited to a specific vendor or computer model.
A(n) ____ is a utility that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files.
A personal ____ is a utility that detects and protects a computer from unauthorized intrusions.