later began the American Red Cross, cared for the wounded on the battlefield.
the union general at chancellorsville, fought against Lee and lost.
The union general at Gettysburg, he fought against Lee, in a three day battle with which Lee retreated
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general; He successfully led several major battles until his defeat at Gettysburg, and he surrendered to the Union's Commander General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
•Civil War hero; Republicans nominated him as their presidential candidate in the election of 1868. he won
•Eighteenth president of the United States; in charge of all Union forces. He accepted General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, ending the Civil War.
American Confederate general known for leading a disastrous charge at Gettysburg
William T. Sherman
Union general, American soldier, businessman, educator and author.
Lincoln (Rep.) runs with Andrew Johnson ( a Tennessee Democrat) -vs- __________(2nd battle of bull run, replaced by lincoln twice)
•Ran against Lincoln in the 1864 election
•Wanted to attack the Confederate capital at Richmond
was the 17th President of the United States (1865-1869). As Vice-President of the United States in 1865, he succeeded Abraham Lincoln following the latter's assassination. then he presided over the initial Reconstruction era of the United States
16th President of the United States; saved the Union during the American Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln
one of the most powerful leaders of the Reconstruction period; radical republican leader
radical republican leader
U.S. Attorney General and Secretary of War. He was removed by President Andrew Johnson; also an ally of congressional Republicans
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period
(1862) an order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863
In 1863 the Union began to draft soldiers, causing riots across the North. The unrest added to an antiwar movement led by some Democrats in Congress and state legislatures. Their supporters called them Peace Democrats, but critics compared them to poisonous snakes, calling them ________
Epidemics of mumps, measles, and smallpox swept through army camps. Caused by poor sanitation and polluted water.
What were the main causes of death?
both the _____ and the _____ used the draft
battlefield nurses; there we not any all-women regiments
What was the role of women in the war?
Monitor and Merrimack
two American warships that fought the first engagement between ironclad ships
To get scarce goods for the southerners. Yes it worked, they brought medicine, and other supplies for the soldiers
What was the purpose of the Union Blockade? Did it work?
a constitutional amendment that outlawed slavery
Sherman's March to the Sea (Union Victory
Soldiers slaughtered livestock, crops, & looted homes & businesses because they wanted to strike the enemies economic resources. Whos victory?
Civil War battle that was one of the Confederate army's major victories; nearly 17,000 Union soldiers and 13,000 Confederate soldiers were killed, including Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
a Union Civil War victory that turned the tide against the Confederates
Grant was carrying on a siege of this town, a Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi. He aimed to starve its residents and defenders into surrender. For weeks, Union artillery and gunboats shelled the city. On July 4, as Lee began his retreat from Gettysburg, the Confederates at _____ surrendered.
Sept. 1863- the end of '63. It's a railroad transportation center in Tennessee, viral to the confederacy. Grant defeats Confederate Braxton Bragg- opens the deep south to an invasion which will be Sherman's march to the sea.
__________ African-Americans will serve in the Union Army—________ will die
McClellan vs. Lincoln
The emancipation proclamation and the mounting casualties from Grant's campaign made the war highly unpopular in the North and Lincoln expected to lose the election
election of 1864. Candidates? What happened?
Rutherford B. Hayes vs. Samuel J. Tilden
Hayes won, ended reconstrucion and had 14th and 15th amendmens
Election of 1876. Candidates? what happened? Who won?
Wade Davis Bill
Congress' Reconstruction plan. It required a majority of a state's white male citizens to pledge loyalty to the Union before elections could be held. Lincoln killed the Bill with a pocket veto—that is, by ignoring the bill for 10 days.
organization created by Congress in 1865 to help former slaves and poor whites in the South
a secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights
Civil Rights act of 1866
This bill gave African Americans citizenship and guaranteed them the same legal rights as white Americans
white southerners who supported the changes of political power in the south
northerners who came south to take part in the region's political and economic rebirth
slaves pay for supplies and you let them live there
where you get the poor black guy to farm and you give me a shack to live in and all the supplies and then you split the $$
a constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians
(1870) gave African American men the right to vote
Election of 1876
When did reconstruction end?
These gave freedmen certain rights, but their intent was to keep the former slaves in a dependent position and give planters a supply of cheap labor. They varied from state to state.
Lincoln's 10% plan
His plan is really easy on the south, everyone gets amnesty (blank slate), people cant run for office but they're free. When 10% of your people vote again you can vote for a government and join the union.
How many people will die in the war?
to take the Miss. River and cut the South in two
What was the North's strategy?
_________forces Atlanta to surrender- He gives Lincoln a victory right before the election, they capture Atlanta.
April 9th, 1865 Lee surrenders at_______ ______ sherman and grants armies against General Lee, he realizes he wont be able to win. Grants terms were nice, "you put down your guns and go back to farming", southerners are the countrymen again. War is over