an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election.
an election in which only declared members of a party area allowed to vote for that party's nominees.
second primary election between two candidates who received the most votes in the first primary election.
a formal request for government action; or, a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the
general election in most states.
an association of voters with broad, common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office.
a series of statements expressing the parties principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues.
helps raise funds for presidential elections and organizes the party's national convention.
national party chairperson
runs the committee; main job is to manage the office, direct the committee staff, and leads fundraising efforts.
a person who runs a county committee, often having a great deal of political power in the country.
a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes.
Democratic-Republican Party, Federalist Party
The first two political parties in the United States were the______________, which was led by Thomas Jefferson and the_____________ that was led by Alexander Hamilton.
Reform, Independent, and Bull Moose
The three independent parties that organized around independent candidates were the ________and the_________.
The party that replaced the Federalists as the main challenger to the Democratic-Republican party in 1830 were the_____.
closed, open primary
The two mechanisms that are used by parties to select delegates to the national convention are____and_____.
raising large amounts of money
what is the main role of the congressional campaign committees in the political arenas?