Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
Methods for resolving a civil dispute that do not involve going to court.
Submitting a dispute for resolution to a person other than a judge.
A person chosen to decide a disagreement between two parties.
Borrowed servant doctrine
A special application of respondeat superior in which an employer lends an employee to someone else.
Court-awarded payment to make up for the loss of income or emotional pain and suffering.
Conduct on the part of the plaintiff that is a contributing cause of the injuries; a complete bar to recovery of damages.
Any injuries caused by the defendant; usually a monetary award is given as compensation.
Ordering more tests and procedures than are necessary in order to protect oneself from a lawsuit.
Neglect, as in neglect of duties.
The continuous sequence of events, unbroken by any intervening cause, that produces an injury and without which the injury would not have occurred.
Obligation or responsibility.
Doing an act or performing a duty.
The deliberate concealment of the facts from another person for unlawful or unfair gain.
Legal responsibility for one's own actions.
Performing an illegal act.
Professional misconduct or demonstration of an unreasonable lack of skill with the result of injury, loss, or damage to the patient.
Using the opinion of a third party to resolve a civil dispute in a nonbinding decision.
The improper performance of an otherwise proper or lawful act.
An unintentional action that occurs when a person either performs or fails to perform an action that a "reasonable person " would or would not have committed in a similar situation.
A slight or token payment awarded by the court.
The failure to perform an action when it is necessary.
Also called exemplary damages, a monetary award by a court to a person who has been harmed in an especially malicious and willful way; meant to punish the offender.
Res ipsa loquitur
Latin phrase meaning "the thing speaks for itself.
Latin phrase meaning "the thing has been decided."
Additional component to an insurance policy.
The act of determining the outcome of a case outside a courtroom; settling a case is not an indication of legal wrongdoing.
A special application of respondeat superior in which an employer lends an employee to someone else is known as the __________________ doctrine.
__________________damages are an amount of money awarded by the court to make up for loss of income or emotional pain and suffering.
When the outcome of a case is mutually agreed upon outside a courtroom, it is called a ________
Performing an illegal act is known as ___________
Submitting a dispute for resolution to a person other than a judge is called _____________.