Cell Organelle Functions

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Nucleus

Control center of the cell
Contains DNA which has information for making protein

"Brain" of the cell

Cell Wall

supports and protects the cell
Found only plant cells

Cell Membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; controls what enters and leaves the cell
"Gatekeeper"

Cytoplasm

a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended

Nucleolus

Produces ribosomes (which produce protein)
"Meatballs" found in the nucleus

Chromosomes

Found in the nucleus. Made of DNA. Contains ALL genetic information. Passes cell traits to new cells.

"Spaghetti" in the nuclues

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Network of cananls used to transport and store substances. It is a pathway between the nucleus and cell membrane

ER (emergency room- ambulance transports you to the ER)

Ribosomes

Produces proteins

Mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell. Provides energy for cellular respiration.
"Mighty Mighty Chondria"

Lysosome

breaks down food molecules and dead or injured cells

"Lysol Cleaner"

Chloroplast

Captures sunlight for photosynthesis

Only found in plant cells

Nuclear Membrane

Regulates passage of materials in and out of the nucleus.

Golgi Body

Produces lysosomes, packages proteins for the cell and releases them into the cytoplasm

"Packaging Plant" like the post office

Vacuole

Stores water and other materials.

Vaccuum up the dirt. Vaccuum holds/stores the dirt in a bag

Organelles

tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within the cell

Eukaryote

cell with no nuclues or membrane bound cell organelles.
Example: bacteria

Prokaryote

cell with nuclues and organized cell organelles

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