study of body structure
study of how the body functions
branch of science that describes consequences of improper functioning of body parts
The Body's Levels of Organization
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
basic unit of life
group of tissues that work together to perform closely related functions
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body functions
The bodys ability to maintain a stable internal environment in response to a changing environment.
Mechanisms that help maintain homeostasis.
Disturbance of homeostasis, often resulting in disease or dysfunction.
Standard position in which the body is facing forward, feet are parallel, and the arms are at the sides with palms facing forward.
toward the head
away from the head
toward the front
Toward the back
Refers to the front side or belly side of the body
refers to the back of the body
toward the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
near the point of attachment
farthest away from the point of attachment
toward or on the surface of the body
toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface
away from the center
Means that the part is located in the center
also called the Frontal plane Meaning crown.
divides the body into right and left parts
divides the body into anterior and posterior dorsal positons. This plane creates the front and back part of the body.
Divdeds the body horizontally creating an upper (superior) and a lower (inferor) body.
Also called a cross section.
anterior trunk just below the ribs
Area in front of the elbow
cheek area, cavity between the gum and cheek
Nearer to the head
Fleshy area along each side between the lower ribs and the top of the hip bones
area where thigh meets body trunk, groin
area around the eye
front of the knee over the kneecap
sole of the foot
middle of the chest (over the breastbone area)
near to the lower region of the spinal column (near your tailbone)
Rounded area of the shoulder closest to the upper arm
area of back between ribs and hips
back of the head
behind, or back of, the knee area
shoulder blade area
organs located within the cavities of the body.
body cavity that is located toward the back part of the body; divided into the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity
located within the skull and contains the brain.
extends downward from the cranial cavity & surrounded by bony vertebrae; contains the spinal cord
locates toward the front of the bodyand have two divisions,
the abdominopelvic cavity and the thoracic cavity
located above the diaphragm and is surrounded by the rib cage; is divided into two compartments mediastinum and pericardial cavities.
inferior to the diaphragm; contains both the abdominal and pelvic cavities
the space that contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea and thymus gland and large blood vessels attached to the heart.
is located in the mediastinum, and contains the heart.
Right and Left areas containing lungs, on either side of the mediastinum
Upper part of the abdominopelvic cavity that contains the stomach, most of the intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and kidneys
Lower part of the abdominopelvic cavity that extends downward from the level of the hips and includes the remainder of the intestines, the rectum, urinary bladder, and internal parts of the reproductive system.
Four Quadrants of the Abdominopelvic Cavity
Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ), Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ), Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ), Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
Nine Regions of the Abdominopelvic Cavity
Right hypchondriac Region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lumbar region, unbilical region, left lumbar region, right iliac region, hypogastric region, left iliac region.
Four small cavities located in the head.
Oral, nasal, orbital and middle ear cavities.