A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience
In classic conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus, such as salivation when food is in the mouth
Positive, constructive, helpful behavior
In classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--naturally and automatically--triggers a response
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli.
CR (Conditioned Response)
In classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus.
CS (Conditioned Stimulus)
In classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response.
The cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
The diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when n unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus; occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced.
The reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned response.
The tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
In classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus.
The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior.
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher.
Learning that occurs but is not apparent until ther is an incentive to demonstrate it
a box that contains a responding mechanism and a device capable of delivering a consequence to an animal in the box whenever it makes the desired response
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
A stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
An innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need.
An operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior.
Reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement
Reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses.
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses.
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed.