The __________________ form Europe's eastern boundary and separate the Northern European and Western Siberian Plains
Some geographers see the ______________ as a dividing line between Europe and Asia
Mt. Elbrus, highest point in the Caucasus, and Europe's highest peak is a long-dormant volcano.
The ______________ "sea" is actually a saltwater lake that stretches 750 miles from north to south, making it the largest inland sea in the world.
the longest river on the European continent, drains the Caspian Sea basin. The _________ begins in Moscow and flows southward for about 2,300 miles until it arrives at the Caspian. This important waterway carries about 60 percent of Russia's river traffic.
the _________, which lies east of the Caspian Sea, is a saltwater lake. Since the 1960s, the _____ has lost about 87 percent of its water volume. In 2005, Kazakhstan built a dam to separate the smaller North ___________ from the South ___________, which is saltier and more polluted.
huge reserves of coal and deposits of iron ore, leading producer of oil and gas, and rivers make it one of the worlds largest producers of hydroelectric power
Union of Soviet Socialist Revolution, lasted from 1924-1991, contained 15 republics that were "voluntary" association, government controlled all aspects of people's lives (employment, food, media), largest centrally planned economy in the world
USSR was officially atheist, Christianity and Islam had the largest followers, During WWII Orthodox Church was no longer suppressed since it was seen as a uniting factor
marxism, was living in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution - this shaped his feelings about the way society should work
Marx's Theory of Communism
conflict over material goods, wrote the "Communist Manifesto"
'haves' vs. 'have nots'
Capitalists vs. workers, or 'proletariat'
Revolution! Socialism... then communism
Czar Nicholas II
______ was the last tsar (czar) of Russia. He was deposed during the Russian Revolution and executed with his family by the Bolsheviks.
Believed in Karl Marx's ideals concerning class conflict
His goal was to lead the revolution and not wait for it.
He became the leader of the Bolsheviks, also known as the Communists.
1917-1923 the __________ broke out between the Red army and the counter-revolutionary armies led by former tsarist officers - the White army.
adopted the name __________: "Man of Steel"
His great ambition was to turn the Soviet Union into an industrial nation
millions of people were sent to ______ in Siberia for irrational reasons. Ex. someone was 10 minutes late to work and was sent to a gulag.
World War II
After ____________, Russia (communist) let Eastern Europe countries decide their government.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
After WWII, USSR created this organization of communist nations to combat the power of _________.