ch 16 apush

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As a result of the introduction of the cotton gin

slavery was reinvigorated

Members of the planter aristocracy

dominated society and politics in the South

Plantation agriculture

was economically unstable and wasteful

All of the following were weaknesses of the slave plantation system except that

its land continued to remain in the hands of the small farmers

German and Irish immigration to the South was discouraged by

competition with slave labor

Most white southerners were

nonslaveowning subsistence farmers

By the mid nineteenth century

most slaves lived on large plantations

Most slaves in the South were owned by

plantation owners

The majority of southern whites owned no slaves because

they could not afford the purchase price

Northern attitudes toward free blacks can best be described as

very racist

For free blacks living in the North,

discrimination was common

The profitable southern slave system

hobbled the economic development of the region as a whole

Regarding work assignments, slaves were

generally spared dangerous work

By 1860, slaves were concentrated in the black belt located in the

Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana

By 1860, life for slaves was most difficult in the

newer states of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana

Most slaves were raised

in stable two person households

Slaves fought the system of slavery in all of the following ways except by

refusing to get an education

The idea of transporting blacks back to Africa was

the result of the widespread loathing of blacks in America

William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to

the immediate abolition of slavery in the South

In arguing for the continuation of slavery after 1830, southerners

placed themselves in opposition to much of the rest of the Western world

Those in the North who opposed the abolitionists believed that these opponents of slavery

were creating disorder in America

Cotton became important to the prosperity of the North as well as the South because

northern merchants handled the shipping of southern cotton, and cotton accounted for about half the value of all United States exports after 1840

The pre-Civil War South was characterized by

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Before the Civil War, free blacks

were often the mulatto offspring of white fathers and black mothers, were often forbidden basic civil rights, were disliked in the North and South

Slaves were

regarded primarily as financial investments by their owners, the primary form of wealth in the South, and profitable for their owners

The slave culture was characterized by

a hybrid religion of Christian and African elements, widespread illiteracy among slaves, and subtle forms of resistance to slavery

After 1830, the abolitionist movement took a new more energetic tone, encouraged by the

success of the British abolitionists in having slavery abolished in the British West Indies, and religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening

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