Pharmacology for HESI

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cheat sheet for HESI pharmacology

-ase, plase

thrombolytic - monitor for bleeding

-dipine

calcium channel blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause heart blocks

-olol, lol

beta blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause bronchoconstriction

-parin

anticoagulant - monitor for bleeding - draw PTT

-pril

ACE inhibitor - lowers B/P - raises K+ - can cause cough

-sartan

ARB - lowers B/P - raises k+

-nitr

nitrate - lowers B/P - causes orthostatic hypotension and HA

-statin

HMG-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor - monitor lipids / LFTs - can cause myalgias (check CPK) and rhabdomylosis - most cant be given with grapefruit juice

-azole

antifungal - monitor LFTs

-vir

antiviral - monitor renal function

-cef, ceph

cephalosporin antibiotic - some cross allergy with PCN

-cycline

tetracycline - photosensitivity - discolors teeth in kids

-floxacin

fluoroquinolone - don't take with milk

-micin, mycin

aminoglycoside - monitor peak / trough - check for hearing loss

-sulfa

sulfonamide antibiotic - increase fluid intake - photosensitivity - many allergies

-prazole

proton pump inhibitor - osteoporosis long term

-tidine

h2 antagonist - osteoporosis long term - don't take with antacids

-sone

glucocorticoid - do not stop abruptly - cause oral candida

baclofen

skeletal muscle relaxant - used for MS

digoxin

antiarrhythmic - hold if HR < 60 - therapeutic level 0.5 - 2 - yellow halo vision when toxic - digibind is antidote

PTU

antithyroid - increase of TSH

Fosamax Boniva

bone metabolism regulator - keep pt sitting up or ambulating 30 min after taking drung in the AM at least 30 min prior to food, bev, or medication

INH

antituberculosis - used with rifampin

Topamax & Dilantin

anticonvulsants - cause gingival hyperplasia

tetracycline HCL

antibiotic - do not take with dairy

theophylline

respiratory smooth muscle relaxant - avoid fluoroquinolone

Penicillin

antibiotic - avoid cephalosporins

Solu-Medrol

anti-inflammatory - check serum calcium

Carafate

pepsin inhibitor - adminsiter prior to meals

calcitonin

bone metabolism regulator - causes rhinitis

bactrim

antibiotic / sufonamide - causes photosensitivity

Lasix and HCTZ

loop diuretic - monitor for hypokalemia

mucomyst

mucolytic - antidote for tylenol OD - monitor LFT

SSRI

Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, Lexapro - suicidal ideation

Fe+ supplements

give with orange juice - do not give milk - iron needs B12 to absorb

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