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In order to maintain the two great political parties as vital bonds of national unity, early nineteenth-century politicians avoided public discussion of


the Wilmot Proviso, if adopted, would have prohibited slavery in any territory acquired in the

Mexican War

The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession threatened to split nation politics along

North-South lines

Presidential candidates in the 1848 election included

Martin Van Buren, Lewis Cass, and Zachary Taylor

According to the principle of "popular sovereignty" the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by

the vote of the people in any given territory

the public liked popular sovereignty because

it fit in with the democratic tradition of selfdetermination

In the 1848 presidential election, the Democratic and Whig parties remained silent on the issue of


the key issue for the major parties in the 1848 election was


the enet that brought turmoil to the administration of Zachary Taylor was the

discovery of gold in California

The Free Soilers argued that

slavery would cost more costly wage labor to wither away

Of those people going to California during the gold rush, a distressingly high proportion were

lawless men

The Free Soilers condemned salvery because it

destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment

By 1850, the South was relatively well off,

politically and economically

Hariet Tubman gained fame by

helping slaves to escape to Canada

Duting the 1850s, slaves gained their freedom most frequently by

self purchase

John C. Calhoun's plan to protect the south and slavery involved the election of two presidents, one from the _____ and one from the _____

north; south

Daniel Webster's famed Seventh of March speech in 1850 resulted in

a shift toward compromise in the North

In his Seventh of March speech, Daniel Webster called for

a new, more stringent fugitive-slave law

For his position in his Seventh of March speech, Daniel Webster was viciously condmned by


the young guard from the north were most interested in

purging and purifying the union

in the debate of 1850, Senator William H. Seward, as a representative of the northern Yound Guard, argued that

Christian legislators must obey God's moral law.

During the debate of 1850, William H. Seward argued that there was "higher law" than the Constitution that compelled him to

demand the exclusionof slavery from the territories

President zachary Taylor unknowingly helped the cause of the compromise in the 150 when he

died suddenly and Millard Fillmore became president

Southern delegates met at a convention in Nashville in the summer of 1850 to

condemn the compromises being worked out in Cogress

In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the New Mexico and utah territories was to be decided by

popular sovereignty

the most alarming aspect of the Compromise of 1850 to northerners was

the decision concerning the new Fugitive Slave Law

many nothern states passed "personal liberty laws" in response to

The Compromise of 1850's provision regarding runaway slaves

In light of future evidence, it seems apparent that in the Compromise of 1850 the south made a tactical blunder by

demanding a strong fugitive-slave law

the fatal split in the Whig party in 1852 occured icer


the election of 1852 was significant because

it marked the end of the Whig party

for a short tim ein the 1850s, an American seized control of


The man who opened Japan to the US was

Matthew Perry

the prime objective of the manifest Destiny in the 1850s was


The US scheme to gain control of Cuba was stopped when

northern free soilers fiercly protested the effort

The most brazen scheme for territorial expansion in the 1850s was expressed in the

Ostend Manifesto

Most American leaders believed that the only way to keep the new Pacific Coact territories from breaking away from the US control was

to construct a transcontinental railroad

A southern route for the transcontinental railroad seemed the best because

the railroad would be easier to build in this area

Stephen A. Douglas proposed that the question of slavery in kansas-Nebraska Territory be decided by

popular sovereignty

Stephen A. Douglas's plans for deciding the slavery question in the Kansas-Nebraska scheme required repeal of

the Missouri Compromise

One of Stephen Douglas's mistakes in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska was

underestimating the depth of northern opposition to the spread of slavery

In 1850, the South was deeply worried because

the underground railroad was carrying away hundreds of slaves each year and California sought admission as a free state

Southerners insisted that the first transcontinental railroad should run through the southwest because

construction would be less difficult there and the railroad would pass through already organized territory in the US

The impact of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to enrage the antislavery abolitionists, and

lessen the prospects for future compromises between North and South

The consequences of the Kansas-Nebraska Act included the splittin of the Democratic party and demise of the

Whig Party

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