name for damlike barriers of earth and stone built to hold back the water in the Netherlands
region that includes Holland and Belgium, European countries below sea level; countries whose collective name means "low lands"
another name for the Netherlands (due to its geography)
Dutch, or Hollanders
names for the people of the Netherlands
Duke of Alva
leader of the Spanish troops in 1567 who set up the Council of Blood
Council of Blood
council set up by the Duke of Alva that earned its name from the brutal way it treated the Dutch people
William the Silent
the Prince of Orange who became the leader of the Dutch patriots during the late 1500's; the "Father of Dutch Liberties"
Dutch Reformed Church
church formed in 1571 by the Dutch protestants who broke from Spain's ally, the Roman church
United Provinces of the Netherlands
name of the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands
date when the United Provinces declared the Netherlands to be independent of Spain
"Father of Dutch Liberties"
name given to William the Silent