What is the 8th amendment
Bail and Punishment
What does the the 8th amendment say?
-no cruel or unusual punishment
-bail can not be unreasonably denied
What is bail?
a way for the accused to go free (usually have to pay money) from the time of the arrest to the time of the trial. something of value ($) left with the court as a deposit
What does bail have to be relative to?
the seriousness of the crime and likelihood of flight
What is the 9th amendment?
Powers reserved for the people
What does the 9th amendment say?
people have more rights than are specifically listed in the bill of rights
What is the 10th amendment?
Powers reserved for the States
What does the 10th amendment say?
any power not specifically given to the national govt, belong to either the States or the people
What is the 13th amendment?
Abolition of slavery
What did the 13th amendment do?
-freed the slaves
-forbid future slavery
-it said that punishment is ok but there can't be involuntary servitude
What is involuntary servitude?
What is the 14th amendment?
Rights of Citizens
What did the 14th amendment do?
-it defined what a citizen was for the first time
-specifically said that freed slaves are citizens
-citizens get due process
-equal protection of law for all citizens
-originally meant that B and W people would be the same
What is due process?
fair hearing (procedural justice)
What is the 15th amendment?
Voting Rights for Freed Slaves
What does the 15th amendment say?
-suffrage can't be denied because of race
-allowed black men to vote
-no woman, black or white, could vote
What is the 16th amendment?
What does the 16th amendment do?
-allowed the federal govt to take a percentage of citizens income
-needed to pay for the civil war
What is the 17th amendment?
direct election of U.S. Senators
What does the 17th amendment say?
-members of Senate will be voted on by citizens of that state
-used to be appointed by state legislature
What is the 18th amendment?
Prohibition of alcoholic beverages (1919)
What does the 18th amendment say?
-the manufacture, sale, transporting, consumption, etc of alcoholic beverages will be illegal
-alcohol would be treated like illegal drugs today
-regarded as destructive to society
-"the devil's work"
Did anybody listen to the 18th amendment?
What is the 19th amendment?
What did the 19th amendment say?
-states can't deny voting rights because of gender
-some states had already allowed women to vote
-now all states must
What did the 20th amendment do?
it changed the inauguration of the president March to Jan. 20 at 12:00 pm
When was the 20th amendment made?
What is the 21st amendment?
Repeal of Prohibition (1933)
What does the 21st amendment do?
-undoes the 18th
-alcohol no longer absolutely ileagal for all states
-left it up for the states to decide
-each state can make their own laws
What is the 22nd amendment?
Limit on number of presidential terms
What does the 22nd amendment say?
-by custom, presidents only served two terms, although there was nothing preventing them for running as many times as they wished
-set the precedent
-you get 2 of your own 4 year terms
-if you finish less than 2 years of someone else's terms, it doesn't count as your own
How many terms did G W serve?
Did the people want G W to serve more than 2 terms?
yes, but G W said that if he served a lot of terms he wouldn't give other people a chance, and that he would be considered as a king
Who served 4 terms, but died in the 1st year of the 4th term?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
What is the 23rd amendment?
Suffrage for D.C. residents (1964)
What did the 23rd amendment do?
-allowed D.C. residents to vote for the pres
-couldn't vote before, because the constitution said that only residents of states could
When was the 24th amendment made?
What does the 24th amendment say?
-you had to pay in order to vote
-discriminated against poor people, mostly blacks
-used to circumvent (legally) got around the 15th
-supreme court later ruled that it applied to all elections
What state was the last to use them?
When was the 25th amendment made?
What does the 25th amendment say?
-if the president dies/can't finish their term, than the VP takes over and finishes
-if the pres is out, he can give the VP permission to be pres, and then take it back later
-if the pres is unable to give the VP permission, the VP can say that he is pres for the time, but Congress has to agree
What was the 26th amendment?
Suffrage for 18 year-olds (1971)
What did the 26th amendment do?
-lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
-"old enough to die, old enough to vote"- quote from vietnam war
What does the 12th amendment say?
no person inelligable to the office of president is inelligable to that of VP
When was prohibition?
What major event prompted the 26th amendment?