Institutional care - Hodges and Tizzard
|What did Hodges and Tizzard do in their research?||They made sure there was no bonds between children and care home workers. Then they looked at the restored children (ones that went back to biological parents) and those that were adopted into a new family and they measured the children's intellect/behaviour.|
|What were the results?||Both adopted and restored children showed problematic behaviour, they were both attention-seeking of adults and had difficulty making friends.|
|What were the differences between the restored and adopted children?|| Adopted children did better than restored children.|
Adopted had better attachments with foster carers than the restored children with biological parents. Restored often had problems with the family.
|Conclusion||Children in institutions up to the age of 4 are likely to have problems but make more progress if adopted rather than returning to biological parents|
|Weakness'||Children chosen to be adopted were probably less problematic. Attrition in sample.|
|Strengths||Multiple measures. Longitudinal study. Control groups so could do comparison.|