A decline in voting and popular participation helps to increase the power of the president.
One drawback of devolution is that
the standards associated with particular programs become increasingly variable between states.
a policy to remove a program from one level of government by delegating it or passing it down to a lower level of government, such as from the national government to the state and local governments
When the president infers powers from the "rights, duties and obligations" of the presidency, these are called
By the 2004 election, the representation of women and minorities in Congress was roughly comparable to their proportions in the general population.
A tactic used by the US Senate to prevent action on legislation they oppose by continuously holding the floor and speaking until the majority breaks down
Why is the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison important?
In this case, the Court authorized itself to exercise judicial review over laws passed by Congress.
Who is the Speaker of the House?
The elected leader of the majority party in the House is the Speaker.
A negotiated agreement in a criminal case in which a defendant agrees to plead guilty in return for the state's agreement to reduce the severity of the criminal charge or prison sentence the defendant is facing
Which of the following statements about the U.S. Courts of Appeals is incorrect?
A) The appeals courts were created by Congress, not by the Constitution.
B) The appeals courts are able to hear all cases involving federal law, but not constitutional law.
D) There are more than ten appeals courts in the United States.
E) Except for cases selected for review by the Supreme Court, decisions made by an appeals court are final.
Each year, the Supreme Court receives about ______ appeals and hears about ______ of them in full court.
Devolution describes a process by which
the federal government is downsized by delegating the implementation of programs to state and local governments.
When are the president's partisan ties most important?
in dealing with Congress on legislative matters
The rise of national conventions to nominate the president led to the empowerment of what group?
state party leaders
If a private individual brought a suit against a corporation for breaking a contract, what kind of law would this involve?
Who stated, in his 1996 State of the Union address, that "the era of big government is over"?
After the president and the vice president, which office is next in the line of succession?
Speaker of the House
What is the principal job of the Department of Homeland Security?
to coordinate the communication and activities of federal agencies that are involved in domestic security
Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women and minorities in the United States Congress is true?
Who has authority to set interest rates and lending activities for the nation's banks?
the Federal Reserve System
The practice whereby the president, before formally nominating a person for a federal judgeship, seeks the indication that senators from the candidate's own state support the nomination
Which of the following is the best description of an iron triangle?
the stable relationship between a bureaucratic agency, a clientele group, and a legislative committee
Congressional leaders form __________ committees when they want to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate a particular problem.
The most significant example of devolution in recent decades has been in the area of
The frequency with which they must seek re-election makes members of the House
more responsive to the needs of local interest groups in the districts they represent.
Since the 1930s, Congress has delegated far less authority to the president than in earlier eras.
The doctrine of ______ requires courts to follow authoritative prior decisions when ruling on a case.
The two presidents to be impeached by the House of Representatives were __________ and Bill Clinton.
When Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock High School in 1957, it demonstrated that
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation
The __________ asserted that the president could send American troops into action abroad only in the event of a declaration of war or other statutory authorization by Congress, or if American troops were attacked or directly endangered.
Which of the following is the most constitutionally essential way to make the bureaucracy responsible?
Three factors related to the American electoral system affect who is elected to office in this country, and what they do once they get there. Those factors are
who decides to run for office, incumbency, and the drawing of district lines.
Which of the following is part of the Miranda rule?
Arrested people have the right to remain silent.
Why did many Republicans oppose President Obama's nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the Supreme Court?
The ratio of federal employees to the total United States workforce has gone up in the last half century.
When the federal government passes authority to administer a program down to state or local governments, it is called
The power of the courts to review, and if necessary, declare an action of the legislature and executive branches unconstitutional
Ronald Reagan's inability to dismantle the Department of Education reflects the power of
a legislative practice whereby agreements are made between legislators in voting for or against a bill