KINE 250 (FINAL)

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Healthy Living Studies Fall 2011 Final

Describes appetite

It is more psychological than physiological

The U.S. population has become increasingly sedentary because

People spend more time engaged in sitting behaviors at home and at work

Antioxidants

produce enzymes that destroy free radicals

What is the difference between a portion and a serving

A portion can be larger or smaller than a serving

How does insoluble fiber decrease a person's risk for diverticulosis?

by reducing constipation

The ideal cholesterol ratio for an individual would include

high HDLs and low LDLs

When polyunsaturated oils are hydrogenated

trans-fatty acids are produced

According to the criteria set by the USDA, which of the following would be an appropriate label for an apple grown without synthetic pesticides, chemicals, or hormones?

100 Percent organic

A high waist-to-hip ratio would indicate that more fat is stored

in the abdominal area

Based on current research, leptin causes a person to

overeat

Kevin wants to lose 5 pounds of fat. He plans to cut back on his eating and walk to expend an additional 500 calories per day. Given this information, how long will it take for him to lose the fat weight?

5 weeks

When fasting or eating a very low calorie diet (vlcd) for prolonged periods, the body will find fuel from its energy stores. One of the last reserves the body will use is from

lean protein tissue

It is estimated that approximately ____ million Americans have diabetes

23.6 million Americans have diabetes

body image

your overall feelings, perceptions and assumptions about your body

Karen is extremely dissatisfied with her body shape. She has gone through three cosmetic surgeries to alter her facial structure. Karen is most likely suffering from

body dysmorphic disorder

The primary action of insulin is to

stimulate glucose transporters in the cell

John has not been feeling well. He is constantly tired. His blood pressure is low and at times his vision is blurred. What two symptoms does John have that is characteristic of diabetes (type I or II)?

fatigue and blurred vision

Kara was tested for diabetes. Her fasting plasma glucose test showed a level of 120. This indicates that

Kara has pre-diabetes

A 30-year-old male would be considered obese if

he had a body mass index of 30 or higher

An individual who is 20 percent above their ideal weight would be classified as

obese

Sharon is of average height and build. Although she doesn't appear overweight, a personal trainer measured her body fat at 30%. This discrepancy is likely due to

Sharon having a lower than average amount of muscle mass

Lacto-ovo vegetarian

A vegetarian who eats dairy products and eggs

Basal metabolic rate

The amount of energy the body uses at complete rest

Over the last 20 years, the calorie intake of Americans has increased. This is due in part to

an inability to recognize normal serving sizes

Data from the National Health Interview Survey suggest that 4 in 10 adults

never engage in any exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies

Tasha is 20 years old and wants to find her 60 percent target heart rate. This calculation would equal

120 beats per minute

Which best describes a way to assess strength in a resistance exercise program?

Start with a low weight and add 5-10 pounds until you can no longer complete a successful lift

The principle of resistance training that suggests that muscles should be gradually required to do more than they are used to doing is

overload

Women who lift weights experience less ________ than men due to lower levels of testosterone

hypertrophy

Overtraining syndrome occurs when

experienced athletes engage in systematic and progressive increases in training without enough rest and recovery time

The principles that guide a resistance exercise program include

variation, overload, specificity

When exercising for cardiorespiratory fitness, you are at an appropriate intensity when you are

able to talk to someone easily

How does a muscle respond to a held stretch

It causes the muscle to become accustomed to the new length and stop resisting the stretch

Cardiovascular disease accounts for approximately ___ of all deaths in the United States

1/3

A biopsy reveals that a woman who has had breast cancer now has the cancer in her lymph nodes. The process of malignant cells moving throughout the body is called

metastasis

Which of the following statements is true with respect to the genetic risk of cancer

Oncogenes are suspected cancer causing genes

A construction company used asbestos on many job sites. Asbestos is an example of a

fibrous carcinogen

Which of the following is true about radiation and cancer?

Ionizing radiation is the only form of radiation proven to cause cancer

Which of the following is true with respect to malignant and benign tumors

A malignant tumor can invade surrounding tissue, produce mutant cells and metastasize

A woman who had her first intercourse at an early age may be at risk for

cervical cancer

Jeremy was told that his cancer could not be treated with radiotherapy and must be treated with chemotherapy. This is probably because

The cancer is no longer localized

One reason exercise might decrease breast cancer risk is because of the

decrease in body fat

If caught early, the prognosis for colon cancer is good because

the disease progresses slowly

According to current research, sexually transmitted diseases would have the greatest impact on which increasing cancer?

cervical cancer

The average healthy heart beats 70-80 beats per minute. A lower heart rate of 60 might indicate that,

the individual is very fit

An adult with a damaged sinoatrial node

must have a pacemaker implanted to control the heart rhythm

Atherosclerosis

It is characterized by a buildup of substance which form plaque

A reduction in the heart's oxygen supply, a condition known as ______ can be relieved by ______.

ischemia; nitroglycerin

Which of the following represents the correct sequence of blood flow as it travels through the heart?

right atria, right ventricle, lungs, left atria, left ventricle, aorta

Taking an aspirin a day is useful in treating cardiovascular disease because

it reduces the risk of clot formation

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