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Kublai Khan

Founded the Yuan Dynasty in 1279

Zhu Yuanzhang

overthrew last Mongal emperor, took title of Hongwu

Hongwu

"Vastly Martial"

Hongwu founded

Ming Dynasty

Ming

Brilliant

Yonglo

son of Hungwu/Zhu Yuanzhang

Beijing

Yonglo moved the Ming dynasties capital to this city

Sponsored

oversea voyages

Zheng He

Chinease Muslim Admiral, led 7 voyages (around the Indian Ocean)

Junks

Trading ships

emperors' decision to isolate

arrival of European traders, Christian Missionaries

Matteo Ricci

Italian Jesuit Priest, become accepted into Ming Court was highly respected

Great Wall

Ming Restored/built during Ming Dynasty

Reasons for Ming's Decline

weak rulers, increased corruption, defense efforts drained treasury, High Taxes, crop failure

Manchu

overtook Ming Dynasty, Captured Beijing, named it Qing dynasty

Qing Dynasty

ruled from 1644-1911, grew to its largest size in history

Kangxi

flourished the Qing Dynasty, ruled from 1661-1772

Quinlong

grandson of Kangxi, brought the empire to its height, ruled from 1736-1796

Lord George Macartney

went to China to discuss expanding trade, didn't show respect by kowtowing so was sent away

Kowtowing

kneeling in front of the emperor and touching the forehead to the ground nine times

Cao Zhan

wrote Dream of the Red Chamber, considered Chinas Greatest Novel

Dream of the Red Chamber

examines the decline of an upperclass chinease family

Ming Artisians

Produced equisite blue and white Porcelain

Porcelain

valuable trade item (especially with Europe)

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