Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition
Child *** Protection Act, which prohibited virtual ***, overbroad and unconstitutional. Overreached Ferber and Miller--no obscenity standard.
Baker v. Carr
Baker sued for malapportionment. Legislative apportionment was justiciable.
Bethel v. Fraser
Student gave a sexual speech and was suspended. Schools could prohibit lewd speech--not political.
Brandenburg v. Ohio
Guy was KKK leader; made speech at Klan rally. Arrested under Ohio syndicalism law, prohibiting assembly of groups that advocate criminal syndicalism. Establised 2-prong test: 1) speech direct at producing lawlessness; 2) speech likely to incite. Petitioner
Brown v. Gilmore
Virginia moment of silence case. Unconstitutional.
Bush v. Gore
Florida recount unconstitutional--recount procedures devalued other ballots.
Engel v. Vitale
New York instituted voluntary school prayer. Unconstitutional. First case to use establishment clause to eliminate religion.
Ferber v. New York
Chid **** law constitutional. Established compelling "government objective of surpassing importance" test.
Freeman v. Pitts
Desegregation. Court oversight of mandatory desegregation. Court may retain supervision in noncompliant areas and gradually withdraw from compliant areas.
Griswold v. Connecticut
Petitioner provided contraception to married couples; courts said now. Ruling: Constitution establishes zones that establish privacy right, even if not explicit. So Connecticut law fails.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
School newspaper censorship. Test: "reasonably related to legitimate pedagogical concerns."
Morse v. Frederick
"Bong hits 4Jesus." Speech rights of public school students are not as extensive as those of adults; Tinker standards not always apply.
Penry v. Lynaugh
Retard case (7 mental years). During trial, jury not told to consider mitigating factors. Ruling: Penry retried and convicted and sentenced to death.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Abortion: "undue burden" test. Only the requirement to tell husband was undue; everything else passed.
Pattawatomie County v. Earls
Urine drug testing constitutional. General regulation of extracurriculars diminished expectations of privacy; minimally intrusive.
Rochin v. California
Stomach pumping case. "Actions that shock conscience" test.
Roper v. Simmons
17 y/o murder case. Executing minors "cruel and unusual"
Rostker v. Goldberg
Excluding women from draft justified due to combat restrictions for women
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. of Ed.
Court's power to remedy violating schools flexible. Close scrutiny. Busing, gerrymandering open.
Terry v. Ohio
3 men with guns case. Reasonable search under 4th.
US v. Leon
Respondent had drugs; tipped off by anonymous informant. Warrant failed on technicality. Good faith rule.
Virginia v. Black
the provision in the Virginia statute treating any cross burning as prima facie evidence of intent to intimidate renders the statute unconstitutional
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
Missouri restricted abortions and prohibited public employees or public facilities from performing them. Unconstitutional: violated privacy.
Gitlow v. New York
Draft card burner. Incorporated freedom of speech and press.
Maryland v. Garrison
searching McWebb's apartment unknowingly. Officers reasonably followed warrant, which allowed 3rd floor search.
Morse v. Frederick
bong hits 4 jesus. Drug messages undermined school function, so not protected speech
Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network
protests in front of abortion clinics. "Floating buffer zones" unconstitutional; went beyond that required to protect government interest in free traffic flow.
Schenk v. US
Draft card burner. Clear and present danger test
Vernonia School District v. Acton
Drug testing in schools. REasonable: balanced intrusion of 4th amendment with "promotion of legitimate governmental interests."
Wallace v. Jaffree
School prayer/meditation statute endorsed religion, violating establishment.
Weeks v. US
Police took papers from mail. First application of exclusion rule.
Wolf v. Colorado
Ruled that 14th amendment did not apply to states.