In Medias Res
in the middle of
longing for home
glory for your family's name
invocation of the muse
START of the muse ("bringing to life")
Homer asks for inspiration from the Muse to tell his story
Odysseus coming back from the war and having to basically "start from scratch"
1. call to adventure (Trojan War)
Threshold (leaving Ithaca)
2. initiation (Circe, Calypso, etc. )
3. descent/abyss (underworld)
4. rebirth (Athena helps him)
giving an inanimate object human traits
ex. walking tree
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
ex. sparkling eyed Athena
understatement, especially that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary, as in "not bad at all."
ex. he is no mean man
a simile developed over several lines of verse, especially one used in an epic poem.
father of Telemachus (fought in Trojan War)
queen of Ithaca (mother of Telemachus, wife of Odysseus)
heir to throne (son of Penelope and Odysseus)
king of Phaeacians (father of Nausicaa)
king of Lacedaemon
king of Taphians (Athena disguises herself as him)
friend of Odysseus (Athena disguised as him)
one of 2 leading suitors (killed by Odysseus)
enchantresses of the sea, whose song can tempt a sailor to his ruin
goddess- nymph, daughter of Atlas, who makes her home on the island of Ogygia
goddess and enchantress of Aeaea, who changes men to swine
son of Peleus and Thetis, grandson of Aeacus, and commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies, at Troy
son of Arcesius, husband of Anticleia, father of Odysseus
daughter of Alcinous and Arete
god of sea
the old nurse of Odysseus and Telemachus, attendant of Penelope
swineherd of Odysseus
scylla and charybdis
scylla: a man-eating monster that lives in a cliffside cavern opposite the whirlpool of Charybdis
Charybdis: monster in the form of a giant whirlpool, located across from Scylla
blind seer of Thebes, who retains his prophetic powers even in the underworld
son of Eupithes, one of the two leading suitors
creation: day 1
God created heavens and earth, but earth was a vast waste with darkness everywhere. God said "let there be light" and called the light day and darkness night.
1 day: "let there be a vault between the waters, to separate water from water" called the vault the heavens
creation: day 2
2 day: created dry land between the waters and produces growing things (plants bear fruit with own kind of seed)
creation: day 3
3 day: "let there be lights in the fault of the heavens to separate day from night, and let them serve as sign both for festivals and for seasons and years. let them also shine in the heavens to give light on earth. (sun, moon, and stars)
creation: day 4
4 day: "let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the heavens" (sea beasts and all living creatures that move and swarm in the water, and told them to be fruitful and increase in numbers)
creation: day 5
5 day: "let the earth bring forth living creatures, according to their various kinds: cattle, creeping things, and wild animals, all according to their various kinds." so it was; God made wild animals, cattle, and every creeping thing. Then God said, "Let us make human beings in our image, after our likeness, to have domination over the fish in the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, the wild animals on land, and everything that creeps on earth."
creation: day 6
6 day: God brought to an end all the work he had been doing
creation: day 7
7 day: God blessed the day and made it holy, because it was the day he finished all his wok of creation.
creation: in the garden (Adam and Eve)
God planted a garden in Eden away to the east, and put the man he had formed in it. In the middle of the garden he set the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. He told the man that he could eat from any tree in the garden except the tree of knowledge of good and evil. God let the man make the names for all the living creatures, but God decided man needed a partner. He put the man into a deep sleep and then took one of his ribs and made a woman.
Cain and Abel
Cain: first-born son of Adam and Eve, became a farmer and worked the soil, God was not pleased with Cain's sacrifice so he killed his brother (Abel), He lost his profession as a farmer and became a wanderer, and has a mark on head to warn others that killing Cain would provoke the vengeance of God.
The serpent told Eve that she wouldn't die if she ate the forbidden fruit, but instead would be like God and know good and evil. Eve took some of the fruit and also gave some to her husband. They both ate it and then realized they were naked. They covered themselves with fig leaves. They heard God walking in the garden and he found out what they had done. He cursed the serpent to have to crawl on his belly for the rest of eternity and he will strike at humans heels while they strike at his head. He cursed women to have the pain of childbearing and men will be our masters. He cursed men to only getting food by labor and since we came from dirt, thats where we will return (die). The man named his wife Eve because she was the mother of all living things.
Tower of Babel
All of the world used to speak the same language and use the same words. As people journeyed in the east, they came upon a plain in the land of Shinar. They said "let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens." The Lord came down and said "From now on nothing they have a mind to do will be beyond their reach. Come, let us go down there and confuse their language, so that they will not understand what they say to one another." God dispersed them and that is why the city is called Babel (because he made a babble of the languages of the world)
God saw how great wickedness had become and decided to wipe mankind from the face of the earth. God told Noah to build an ark for him and his family because he was the only righteous man. God also told Noah to bring into the ark two of all living creatures, both male and female, and seven pairs of all the clean animals, along with every kind of food to be stored for the animals and his family while on the ark. After they entered the ark, rain fell on the earth for a period of forty days and nights.As the waters receded, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. Noah and his family continued to wait for almost eight more months while the surface of the earth dried out. Finally after an entire year, God invited Noah to come out of the ark. Immediately, he built an altar and worshiped the Lord with burnt offerings from some of the clean animals. God was pleased with the offerings and promised never again to destroy all the living creatures as he had just done. Later God established a covenant with Noah: "Never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth." As a sign of this everlasting covenant God set a rainbow in the clouds.
Abraham and Isaac
When Isaac became a young boy, God spoke to Abraham and commanded him to take his son to Mount Moriah and offer him as a sacrifice to God. This was God's test of Abraham's faith. As Abraham and his son reached the place where the sacrifice was to be performed, Isaac said to his father, "Father, where is the lamb that is to be sacrificed?" Abraham replied, "My son, God will provide the lamb". As Abraham was taking out his knife, his hands were trembling. He was about to sacrifice his son when heard the voice of God saying, "Abraham, Stop! Do not hurt your son. You have proven your faith and shown how much you love Me by willing to sacrifice your son for Me. Therefore, I shall bless you and your family, and through you, I shall bless all the nations on earth". God also provided a lamb for the sacrifice.
Abraham and Sarah and Hagar
When Sarah and Abraham are in Egypt, on their way to the Promised Land, Hagar, an Egyptian girl, becomes a maiden for Sarah. Since Sarah is childless she tells Abraham he should conceive a child with Hagar. Once Hagar becomes pregnant, she leaves home but an angel of God tells her she will bear a son, Ishmael and he will be the head of many tribes and she should return home. 13 years later, God promises Abraham that Sarah will bear a son who will inherit his covenant. As a sign of this promise God demands that all males be circumcised. After Sarah gives birth to Isaac, she insists that Abraham cast out Hagar and Ishmael. Abraham reluctantly sends them away.
son of Abraham and Hagar. After Sarah gave birth to her own son, Isaac, she forced Abraham to expel Hagar and Ishmael. Hagar expected death in the wilderness, but God assured her that he would make of Ishmael a great nation.
God-favored son of Isaac. He bought his older twin's birthright, he stole Esau's blessing by tricking their aged father, worked seven years as a labor of to marry his uncle Laban's daughter Rachel (younger) and Leah (older) and wrestling for a blessing at Peniel ("I have seen a divine being face to face, yet my life has been preserved") with a divine being, after which God gave Jacob a new name, Israel.
Jacob, the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham, was fleeing from his twin brother Esau, who had vowed to kill him. Esau was furious with Jacob because Jacob had stolen Esau's birthright.On his way to his relative's house at Haran, Jacob lay down for the night near Luz. As he was dreaming, he had a vision of a ladder, or stairway, between heaven and earth. God's angels were on it, ascending and descending. Jacob saw God standing above the ladder. God repeated the promise of support he had made to Abraham and Isaac. He told Jacob his offspring would be many, blessing all the families of the earth. When Jacob awoke, he believed that God was present in that place. He took the stone he had been using to rest his head, poured oil on it and consecrated it to God. Jacob called the place Bethel, meaning "house of God."
Pharaoh Ramses decrees the death of all Hebrew children, but Moses, placed in a basket in the Nile by his mother, is taken by a royal princess and raised as the brother of the heir to the throne of Egypt, Memefta. Moses is called by God to lead his people from Egypt to the promised land. A very reluctant prophet, feeling unworthy of the call, Moses accepts the task. After a series of plagues Memefta agrees to let the Hebrews go. With second thoughts, he pursues them to annihilation of his army in the parting of the Red Sea. Starvation is averted by manna from heaven, the ten commandments are given the people through Moses, they go astray with worship of the golden calf. Forty years of wandering in the wilderness, until finally they reach what will be their home (which Moses lives to see but not to enter)
Samson and Delilah
When Samson fell for Delilah, a woman from the Valley of Sorek, it marked the beginning of his downfall and eventual demise. It didn't take long for the rich and powerful Philistine rulers to learn of the affair and immediately pay a visit to Delilah. Hoping to capture him, the Philistine leaders each offered Delilah a sum of money to collaborate with them in a scheme to uncover the secret of Samson's great strength. Using her powers of seduction and deception, Delilah persistently wore down Samson with her repeated requests, until he finally divulged the crucial information. Having taken the Nazirite vow at birth, Samson had been set apart to God. As part of that vow, his hair was never to be cut. When Samson told Delilah that his strength would leave him if a razor were to be used on his head, she cunningly crafted her plan with the Philistine rulers. While Samson slept on her lap, Delilah called in a co-conspirator to shave off the seven braids of his hair. Subdued and weak, Samson was captured. Rather than killing him, the Philistines preferred to humiliate him by gouging out his eyes and subjecting him to hard labor in a Gaza prison. As he slaved at grinding grain, his hair began to grow, but the careless Philistines paid no attention. And in spite of his horrible failures and sins of great consequence, Samson's heart now turned to the Lord. He was humbled. He prayed to God—a first—and God answered. During a pagan sacrificial ritual, the Philistines had gathered in Gaza to celebrate. As was their custom, they paraded their prized enemy prisoner into the temple to entertain the jeering crowds. Samson braced himself between the two central support pillars of the temple and pushed with all his might. Down came the temple, killing Samson and all of the people in it. Through his death, Samson destroyed more of his enemies in this one sacrificial act, than he had previously killed in all the battles of his life.
David and Goliath
The Philistine army had gathered for war against Israel. The two armies faced each other, camped for battle on opposite sides of a steep valley. A Philistine giant measuring over nine feet tall and wearing full armor came out each day for forty days, mocking and challenging the Israelites to fight. His name was Goliath. One day David, the youngest son of Jesse, was sent to the battle lines by his father to bring back news of his brothers. While there, David heard Goliath shouting his daily defiance and he saw the great fear stirred within the men of Israel. David responded, "Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of God?" So David volunteered to fight Goliath. Dressed in his simple tunic, carrying his shepherd's staff, slingshot and a pouch full of stones, David approached Goliath. David said to the Philistine, "You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied ... today I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air ... and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel ... it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give all of you into our hands."
As Goliath moved in for the kill, David reached into his bag and slung one of his stones at Goliath's head. Finding a hole in the armor, the stone sank into the giant's forehead and he fell face down on the ground. David then took Goliath's sword, killed him and then cut off his head. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. So the Israelites pursued, chasing and killing them and plundering their camp.
role of mentor
helps the person through the hero's journey
adaptation: O brother where art thou
adaptation to the odyssey
ex. baby face nelson kills cows= helios' island eat cows when aren't supposed to
ex. sirens= women in white
adaptation: various songs
song from annie= Jay Z remixes it
adaptation: various poems
sirens song by Margaret Atwood is the point of view from the sirens that their songs are stupid but they catch the men every time
something that has universal truth and spreads stories about their culture and show lessons
epic simile: purpose
to describe something in further detail
epic simile: definition
using like or as for a comparison
epic simile: example
when someone helps you mature or get through a certain time in your life
type: ideal person (ex. Abel)
anti-type: opposite (ex. Cain)
in the Odyssey when the suitors were trying to get their arrow through the axes to win penelope
the marriage bed
built into the olive tree (one people that know about it are Odysseus and penelope)
having too much pride
being in love with yourself
A strong desire to do or to achieve something
a healing through crying